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A Primary Prevention Intervention for the Promotion of Psycho-social Wellbeing in Adolescent Young Carers:

2019-10-09 09:21:32 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Adolescent young carers (AYCs) are young people aged 15-17 years old, who take on significant or substantial caring tasks and assume a level of responsibility that would usually be associated with an adult. In Europe, the estimated prevalence rate of YCs is around 4-8%.Taking on care responsibilities so early in life may have considerable negative consequences for YCs' mental and physical health and psychosocial development. Psychosocial interventions to support YC worldwide are generally quite limited. The H2020 Me-We project (Psychosocial Support for Promoting Mental Health and Well-being among Adolescent Young Carers in Europe) aims to develop an innovative framework of primary prevention interventions for adolescent YCs (AYCs) aged 15-17 to be tested in six European countries (Italy, Netherlands, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom).

The theoretical framework chosen for the intervention is the DNA-V Model. The DNA-V model is a psychological intervention, addressed to adolescents and young people, used in educational and clinical settings. This model has its roots in the contextual and functional science and it is based on Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, a third-generation cognitive-behavioural therapy. The intervention programme designed for the ME-WE project builds on the DNA-V model but it was adapted to fit the specific needs of adolescent young carers (AYCs) and the goals of the ME-WE project.

The study aim is to evaluate the efficacy of DNA-V based program for AYCs (so-called ME-WE intervention), using a cluster-randomized controlled trial (C-RCT) design. The evaluation of the intervention will be carried out using as primary outcome variables: Psychological flexibility; Mindfulness skills; Resilience; Subjective mental health; Quality of life; Subjective health complaints; Caring-related quality of life; Cognitive and emotional impact of caring and Social support. As secondary outcome variables will be included Self-reported school, training or work experience, performance, and attendance.

Description

Adolescent young carers (AYCs) are young people aged 15-17 years old, who take on significant or substantial caring tasks and assume a level of responsibility that would usually be associated with an adult. Often on a regular basis, they look after family member(s) with a disability, chronic physical and/or mental health condition or substance use issue and/or problems related to old age, who require support or supervision. In Europe, the estimated prevalence rate of YCs is around 4-8%.

Taking on care responsibilities so early in life may have considerable negative consequences for YCs' mental and physical health and psychosocial development. Furthermore, YCs likely face difficulties in education that negatively impact their future employability and socio-economic status and experience constraints in finding and maintaining employment and pursuing their career aspirations.

Psychosocial interventions to support YC worldwide are generally quite limited. In order to prevent the entrenched level of caring that results in significant and long-term effects on YCs' well-being and hinder transitions to adulthood, it has been suggested that a primary prevention model should be adopted. To prevent adverse mental health, social, and educational outcomes in YCs, building their resilience would be especially important.

The H2020 Me-We project (Psychosocial Support for Promoting Mental Health and Well-being among Adolescent Young Carers in Europe) aims to develop an innovative framework of primary prevention interventions for adolescent YCs (AYCs) aged 15-17 to be tested in six European countries (Italy, Netherlands, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom).

The theoretical framework chosen for the intervention is the DNA-V Model. The DNA-V model is a psychological intervention, addressed to adolescents and young people, used in educational and clinical settings. This model has its roots in the contextual and functional science and it is based on Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, a third-generation cognitive-behavioural therapy. The intervention programme designed for the ME-WE project builds on the DNA-V model but it was adapted to fit the specific needs of adolescent young carers (AYCs) and the goals of the ME-WE project.

The study aim is to evaluate the efficacy of DNA-V-based program for AYCs, called the ME-WE support intervention, using a cluster-randomized controlled trial (C-RCT) design. The evaluation of the intervention will be carried out using as primary outcome variables: Psychological flexibility; Mindfulness skills; Resilience; Subjective mental health; Quality of life; Subjective health complaints; Caring-related quality of life; Cognitive and emotional impact of caring and Social support. As secondary outcome variables Self-reported school, training or work experience, performance, and attendance will be used. Control variable will be caring activities; overall amount of caring and likes and dislikes about caring. Results will be compared of the intervention-group participants relative to the wait-list control-group participants from baseline (pre-intervention) through post-intervention and 3-month follow-up (3MFU).

Investigators expect that there will be greater improvements in protective factors targeted by the ME-WE intervention. Thus, it is hypothesized that, compared to the wait-list control group, ME-WE participants will report greater improvements in psychological flexibility, mindfulness, resilience, subjective mental health and quality of life as well as in perceived emotional impact of caring and social support (primary outcomes), and these effects will be maintained at the 3MFU. The impact of ME-WE on self-reported school, training or work experience, performance, and attendance of AYCs (secondary outcomes) will be also explored. Since the intervention will not address these variables directly, we consider them as secondary outcomes.

Study Design

Conditions

Adolescent - Emotional Problem

Intervention

Psycho-educational sessions

Location

Anziani e non solo soc. coop. soc
Carpi
Italy

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

University of Ljubljana

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-09T09:21:32-0400

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