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Approximately 50% of patients undergoing general anesthesia are hypoxemic. Anaesthesia, paralysis, high concentrations of oxygen, inadequate level of PEEP, capnoperitoneum, Trendelenburg position all result in persistent atelectasis. Lung ultrasound is a safe and accurate bedside tool useful to study lung aeration. The aim of the investigator's study was to assess the impact of general anesthesia and laparoscopic gynecologic oncologic surgery on post-operative atelectasis and related oxygenation changes using lung ultrasound.
IRCCS Fondazione Policlinico Universitario Agostino Gemelli
Fondazione Policlinico Universitario Agostino Gemelli IRCCS
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-10T09:39:34-0400
Anesthesia-induced atelectasis is a well-known entity observed in approximately 68-100% of pediatric patients undergoing general anesthesia. The collapse of dependent lung zones starts wit...
The purpose of this study is to identify the prevalence rate and risk factors for pulmonary complications in patients with critical trauma who intubated and mechanical ventilation.
Investigators hypothesized that maintaining low fraction of inspired oxygen would be beneficial to prevent anesthesia-induced atelectasis in mechanically ventilated children undergoing gen...
This study will compare an oxygenation test based on arterial blood gas analysis with computed tomography for estimating the extent of atelectasis.
This study evaluates the incidence of postoperative atelectasis after general anesthesia with prone position using lung ultrasound in children age < 3 years.
The use of high fraction of inspired oxygen (F O ) can cause direct pulmonary toxicity and pulmonary complications. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of different F O on development...
To determine the occurrence and characteristics of atelectasis, opacities, hypolucency and pulmonary infiltrates observed on chest X-rays of preterm infants in a neonatal intensive care unit.
Respiratory infection can be exacerbated by the high glucose concentration in the airway surface liquid (ASL). We investigated the effects of salbutamol and phlorizin on the pulmonary function, oxidat...
Atelectasis and inadequate oxygenation in lung donors is a common problem during the retrieval of these organs. Nevertheless, the use of high positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) is not habitual du...
A 9-year-old girl with Glenn circulation suffered from massive atelectasis of the left lung caused by bleeding during cardiac catheterization. The atelectasis resulted in frequent hypoxia leading to o...
Absence of air in the entire or part of a lung, such as an incompletely inflated neonate lung or a collapsed adult lung. Pulmonary atelectasis can be caused by airway obstruction, lung compression, fibrotic contraction, or other factors.
A respiratory distress syndrome in newborn infants, usually premature infants with insufficient PULMONARY SURFACTANTS. The disease is characterized by the formation of a HYALINE-like membrane lining the terminal respiratory airspaces (PULMONARY ALVEOLI) and subsequent collapse of the lung (PULMONARY ATELECTASIS).
Atelectasis of the right middle pulmonary lobe, with chronic pneumonitis. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Hypertrophy and dilation of the RIGHT VENTRICLE of the heart that is caused by PULMONARY HYPERTENSION. This condition is often associated with pulmonary parenchymal or vascular diseases, such as CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE and PULMONARY EMBOLISM.
Excessive accumulation of extravascular fluid in the lung, an indication of a serious underlying disease or disorder. Pulmonary edema prevents efficient PULMONARY GAS EXCHANGE in the PULMONARY ALVEOLI, and can be life-threatening.
Surgery is a technology consisting of a physical intervention on tissues. All forms of surgery are considered invasive procedures; so-called "noninvasive surgery" usually refers to an excision that does not penetrate the structure being exci...
Anesthesia is the loss of feeling or sensation in all or part of the body. It may result from damage to nerves or can be induced by an anesthetist (a medical professional) using anesthetics such as thiopental or propofol or sevoflurane during a surgical ...
Pulmonary relating to or associated with the lungs eg Asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, COPD, Cystic Fibrosis, Influenza, Lung Cancer, Pneumonia, Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, Sleep Disorders etc Follow and track Lung Cancer News ...