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Lung Ultrasonography After Laparoscopic Gynecologic Surgery

2019-10-10 09:39:34 | BioPortfolio

Summary

This study evaluates the influence of surgical and anesthesia-related variable on atelectasis formation during laparoscopic gynecologic oncologic surgery by lung ultrasound.

Description

Approximately 50% of patients undergoing general anesthesia are hypoxemic. Anaesthesia, paralysis, high concentrations of oxygen, inadequate level of PEEP, capnoperitoneum, Trendelenburg position all result in persistent atelectasis. Lung ultrasound is a safe and accurate bedside tool useful to study lung aeration. The aim of the investigator's study was to assess the impact of general anesthesia and laparoscopic gynecologic oncologic surgery on post-operative atelectasis and related oxygenation changes using lung ultrasound.

Study Design

Conditions

Pulmonary Atelectasis

Location

IRCCS Fondazione Policlinico Universitario Agostino Gemelli
Rome
Italy
00168

Status

Completed

Source

Fondazione Policlinico Universitario Agostino Gemelli IRCCS

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-10T09:39:34-0400

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PubMed Articles [2628 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Effect of different fraction of inspired oxygen on development of atelectasis in mechanically ventilated children: a randomized controlled trial.

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Absence of air in the entire or part of a lung, such as an incompletely inflated neonate lung or a collapsed adult lung. Pulmonary atelectasis can be caused by airway obstruction, lung compression, fibrotic contraction, or other factors.

A respiratory distress syndrome in newborn infants, usually premature infants with insufficient PULMONARY SURFACTANTS. The disease is characterized by the formation of a HYALINE-like membrane lining the terminal respiratory airspaces (PULMONARY ALVEOLI) and subsequent collapse of the lung (PULMONARY ATELECTASIS).

Atelectasis of the right middle pulmonary lobe, with chronic pneumonitis. (Dorland, 27th ed)

Hypertrophy and dilation of the RIGHT VENTRICLE of the heart that is caused by PULMONARY HYPERTENSION. This condition is often associated with pulmonary parenchymal or vascular diseases, such as CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE and PULMONARY EMBOLISM.

Excessive accumulation of extravascular fluid in the lung, an indication of a serious underlying disease or disorder. Pulmonary edema prevents efficient PULMONARY GAS EXCHANGE in the PULMONARY ALVEOLI, and can be life-threatening.

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