Topics

Effects of Occlusal Splint and Therapeutic Home Exercises

2019-10-10 09:39:38 | BioPortfolio

Summary

In this randomized controlled study, investigators planned to investigate the efficacy of oral occlusive splint and therapeutic home exercises in increasing the quality of life and reducing somatic and neuropathic pain in patients with temporomandibular joint dysfunction, determine their effects on other clinical data, and report long-term outcomes

Description

The aim of the present study to compare the efficacy of oral occlusive splint and therapeutic home exercises in increasing the quality of life and reducing somatic and neuropathic pain in patients with temporomandibular joint dysfunction and report long-term outcomes.

One hundred and one patients with temporomandibular joint dysfunction were included in the study. The patients were randomly divided into two groups: The first group received a mandibular oral occlusal splint and the second group was given a home exercise program for the temporomandibular joint. The patients were evaluated based on their maximum mouth opening, visual analog scale, short-form McGill pain questionnaire, painDETECT, oral health-related quality of health and hospital anxiety and depression scale scores at the beginning of treatment and at the end of the first and sixth months.

Study Design

Conditions

Quality of Life

Intervention

Mandibular oral occlusal splint, Temporomandibular joint Exercises

Status

Completed

Source

Ankara Training and Research Hospital

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-10T09:39:38-0400

Clinical Trials [2051 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

The Influence of a Stabilization Splint on the Body Posture

The study was designed to investigate a possible influence of an occlusal stabilization splint on the body posture in TMD cases and controls. Interocclusal appliances or occlusal splints a...

Application of Virtual Mandibular Position in Temporomandibular Jont Reconstruction With Costochondral Graft in Children Jaw Deformity

Hypothesis:Computer-aided design virtual mandibular position is feasible for costochondral graft growing and occlusion stabilizing in the one-stage treatment of children temporomandibula...

Clinical Evaluation of Stabilizing Splint (Michigan-type Occlusal Splint) Versus Anterior Repositioning Splint .

To evaluate the effectiveness of Michigan-type occlusal splint and anterior repositioning splint in patients with temporomandibular joint anterior disc displacement with reduction.

Treatment of Temporomandibular Disorders in Children and Adolsecents

Children and adolescents are treated with routine treatment approaches for adults and one of the most commonly used treatments are occlusal appliances. The use of occlusal appliances in ma...

Occlusal Adjustment as Treatment for Chronic Orofacial Pain

The purpose of this study is to determine whether occlusal adjustment by selective grinding and/or occlusal addition is an effective treatment of chronic temporomandibular joint disorders.

PubMed Articles [13287 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

In reply to: About "MRI-based determination of occlusal splint thickness for temporomandibular joint disk derangement: a randomized controlled clinical trial".

Effects of occlusal splint therapy in patients with migraine or tension-type headache and comorbid temporomandibular disorder: A randomized controlled trial.

Migraine and tension-type headache often occur comorbid with temporomandibular disorder; occlusal splint therapy is the most common treatment for temporomandibular disorder. The aim of this study was ...

Temporomandibular joint function 10-15 years after mandibular setback surgery and six weeks of intermaxillary fixation.

Intermaxillary fixation (IMF) is a classic method for immobilization of the mandible after mandibular fractures and corrective surgery. However, it has been suggested that IMF may be a risk for develo...

Mandibular extension through a high oral splint application on pain control.

Increasing occlusal vertical dimension (OVD) by means of oral splints is a practice widely used in the treatment of temporomandibular disorders (TMD), specifically myofascial pain, although the result...

Structure-Function Relationships of the Temporomandibular Joint in Response to Altered Loading.

To elucidate the effects of decreased occlusal loading (DOL), with or without reloading (RL), on the structure and bite force function of the mandibular condylar fibrocartilage in skeletally mature ma...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A symptom complex consisting of pain, muscle tenderness, clicking in the joint, and limitation or alteration of mandibular movement. The symptoms are subjective and manifested primarily in the masticatory muscles rather than the temporomandibular joint itself. Etiologic factors are uncertain but include occlusal dysharmony and psychophysiologic factors.

A variety of conditions affecting the anatomic and functional characteristics of the temporomandibular joint. Factors contributing to the complexity of temporomandibular diseases are its relation to dentition and mastication and the symptomatic effects in other areas which account for referred pain to the joint and the difficulties in applying traditional diagnostic procedures to temporomandibular joint pathology where tissue is rarely obtained and x-rays are often inadequate or nonspecific. Common diseases are developmental abnormalities, trauma, subluxation, luxation, arthritis, and neoplasia. (From Thoma's Oral Pathology, 6th ed, pp577-600)

Selective grinding of occlusal surfaces of the teeth in an effort to eliminate premature contacts and occlusal interferences; to establish optimal masticatory effectiveness, stable occlusal relationships, direction of main occlusal forces, and efficient multidirectional patterns, to improve functional relations and to induce physiologic stimulation of the masticatory system; to eliminate occlusal trauma; to eliminate abnormal muscle tension; to aid in the stabilization of orthodontic results; to treat periodontal and temporomandibular joint problems; and in restorative procedures. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)

Rigid or flexible appliances that overlay the occlusal surfaces of the teeth. They are used to treat clenching and bruxism and their sequelae, and to provide temporary relief from muscle or temporomandibular joint pain.

The location of the maxillary and the mandibular condyles when they are in their most posterior and superior positions in their fossae of the temporomandibular joint.

More From BioPortfolio on "Effects of Occlusal Splint and Therapeutic Home Exercises"

Quick Search

Relevant Topics

Anesthesiology
An anesthesiologist (US English) or anaesthetist (British English) is a physician trained in anesthesia and perioperative medicine. Anesthesiologists are physicians who provide medical care to patients in a wide variety of (usually acute) situations. ...

Rheumatology
Arthritis Fibromyalgia Gout Lupus Rheumatic Rheumatology is the medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and management of disease involving joints, tendons, muscles, ligaments and associated structures (Oxford Medical Diction...

Pain
Pain is defined by the International Association for the Study of Pain as “an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage or described in terms of such damage”. Some illnesses can be excruci...


Searches Linking to this Trial