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This study aims to refine the capability of MSOT to characterise muscle tissue and to determine non-invasive, quantitative biomarkers for the disease assessment in patients with spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) using Multispectral Optoacoustic Tomography (MSOT).
SMA is an autosomal-recessive disorder, characterized by progressive muscle weakness and atrophy with an incidence of 1/10,000. The condition is caused by a homozygous deletion or mutation in the survival motor neuron 1 (SMN1), resulting in reduced expression of the survival motor neuron (SMN) protein. This leads to the degeneration of motor neurons in the spinal cord and brain stem. A nearby related gene, survival motor neuron 2 (SMN2), could partially compensate the loss of SMN1. Individuals with a higher copy number of SMN2 do in general have a milder phenotype. New therapeutic approaches, e.g. nusinersen (spinraza©), an antisense oligonucleotide medication that modulates pre-messenger RNA splicing of the survival motor neuron 2 (SMN2) gene, are promising to help the formerly incurable children. However, most clinical trials lack primary outcomes other than clinical testing. At the moment there are no prospective, quantitative biomarkers available to detect muscle atrophy at an early age, and to follow up disease progression. As a new imaging modality, optoacoustic imaging (OAI) combines benefits of optical (high contrast) and acoustic (high resolution) imaging. Multispectral optoacoustic tomography (MSOT) is therefore capable of visualizing the distribution of endogenous absorbers by initiating laser-induced thermoelastic expansion and detection of resulting pressure waves. This imaging technique enables the label-free detection and quantification of different endogenous chromophores, such as melanin, hemoglobin, deoxyhemoglobin and lipids. Previously, it was demonstrated that MSOT is capable to monitor disease severity in Crohn's disease by detecting different signal levels of hemoglobin as markers of intestinal inflammatory activity. In this study we want to refine the capability of MSOT to characterize muscle tissue and to determine a non-invasive, quantitative biomarker for the disease assessment in SMA patients from birth using MSOT.
Multispectral Optoacoustic Tomography (MSOT)
Not yet recruiting
University of Erlangen-Nürnberg Medical School
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-10T09:39:44-0400
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Disorders characterized by an abnormal reduction in muscle volume due to a decrease in the size or number of muscle fibers. Atrophy may result from diseases intrinsic to muscle tissue (e.g., MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY) or secondary to PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES that impair innervation to muscle tissue (e.g., MUSCULAR ATROPHY, SPINAL).
Severe or complete loss of motor function in the lower extremities and lower portions of the trunk. This condition is most often associated with SPINAL CORD DISEASES, although BRAIN DISEASES; PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES; and MUSCULAR DISEASES may also cause bilateral leg weakness.
A group of disorders marked by progressive degeneration of motor neurons in the spinal cord resulting in weakness and muscular atrophy, usually without evidence of injury to the corticospinal tracts. Diseases in this category include Werdnig-Hoffmann disease and later onset SPINAL MUSCULAR ATROPHIES OF CHILDHOOD, most of which are hereditary. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1089)
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Spinal Cord Disorders
The spinal cord is a bundle of nerves that runs down the middle of the back which carry signals back and forth between the body and brain. It is protected by vertebrae, which are the bone disks that make up the spine. An accident that damages the verte...