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The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and duration of the skin decolonization brought by a daily wash using Chlorhexidine Gluconate 2% pad compared to a standard wash with mild soap in children hospitalized in intensive care unit.
Skin is a major reservoir of pathogenic bacteria and intensive care unit patients are particularly vulnerable to variations in skin colonization and so to infections. These bacterial skin colonizations can contaminate other patients, nursing staff or even samples, but above all they are an endogenous source of infection of material. These bacterial skin colonizations hold therefore a major place in the responsibility of infections associated with care and can potentially affect the length of patient hospitalization. 2% Chlorhexidine Gluconate pads have already demonstrated a real efficacy in the sustainable reduction of central venous catheter-related bacteremias in adults and in children, probably through a reduction of cutaneous microbial colonization. However, this hypothesis remains to be confirmed.
Patients in the pediatric surgical intensive care unit of Necker-Enfants Malades hospital are minors, hospitalized in critical and continuous surgical surveillance unit, for all surgical specialties excluding cardiac surgery. The use of central venous catheters concerns approximately 60% of the hospitalization days identified each year. To control catheter-related bacteremias, all intensive care unit patients are subjected to a service protocol since 2015, which defines a mild soap daily wash in patients without central venous catheter and a wash with Chlorhexidine in patients with central venous catheter. Successive standardized samples will be carried out on the skin of the children submissive to both types of washes during their hospitalization in intensive care unit.
Central Venous Catheter
Skin microbiological sampling (wash with 2% Chlorhexidine Gluconate), Skin microbiological sampling (wash with mild soap)
Hôpital Necker-Enfants Malades
Not yet recruiting
Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-11T10:03:41-0400
Demonstrate the reduction of bacteria on the skin
Demonstrate the reduction of bacteria on the skin.
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The functions of the skin in the human and animal body. It includes the pigmentation of the skin.
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