In the Mirror: Functional Appreciated Bodies (IM FAB)

2019-10-15 11:11:29 | BioPortfolio


The current project aims to examine the concept of promoting attention toward body functionality and gratitude using a weekly functionality-based mirror exposure and body functionality gratitude "journaling" text prompts three days a week for three weeks to examine whether this helps foster positive body image and decrease eating disorder symptoms in a sample of undergraduate females, a population at particularly high risk of body image dissatisfaction and consequent eating disorder development.


Specific Aim 1. First, the project aims to test a gratitude-based body functionality primary prevention program, In the Mirror: Functional Appreciated Bodies (IM FAB), that incorporates mirror exposure with a greater intervention "dose" than that piloted by Brooks and Walker. The increased dose should allow for greater ability for participants to consolidate exposure-based learning. Specifically, more time instructed to appreciate the body's functionality allows for more occasions to redirect critical appearance-oriented cognitions to appreciative, function-based cognitions.

Specific Aim 2. Second, the project aims to pilot test a relatively minimalistic intervention that would be easily translated to app-based delivery format, to help overcome the most-cited barriers to prevention program participation noted by undergraduate students in universal prevention research. Specifically, undergraduate participants who were assigned to a prevention program but did not enroll questioned a need for counseling/therapy, reported preferring to deal with issues on their own, and cited a lack of time as reasons they did not enroll.

Specific Aim 3. Third, the project aims to test this specific functionality mirror exposure approach largely on its own, rather than as part of a multicomponent treatment program, so that its unique contribution in preventing body image dissatisfaction, and ultimately eating disorders, can be assessed. A main goal in prevention and treatment development remains to continuously test components of body-image interventions separately for efficacy.

Study Design


Eating Disorder Symptom


Mirror exposure and text prompt responses


University at Albany, State University of New York
New York
United States




Union College, New York

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-15T11:11:29-0400

Clinical Trials [2830 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Conquering Feared Foods Study

The purpose of this study is to use ecological momentary assessment (EMA) data and physiological data to asses a client's eating disorder symptoms and behaviors before and after a meal wit...

Imaginal Exposure II Study: In-Vivo

The purpose of this study is to test if imaginal exposure therapy can decrease symptoms of eating disorders and anxiety.

Online Imaginal Exposure

This study evaluates if imaginal exposure therapy can decrease symptoms of eating disorders and anxiety, and test an online format of IE to maximize its ability to reach as many individual...

Text Message Program to Improve Eating Behaviors Among African Americans in New Orleans

The purpose of this pilot study is to test the feasibility and effectiveness of a mobile phone-based text messaging intervention to change the attitudes and eating behaviors of African Ame...

Effect of Mirror Therapy on Unilateral Neglect for Patients After Stroke

This is a single-blinded randomized controlled trial to investigate the effects of mirror therapy (MT), with reference to sham mirror (a glass wall) and control (a covered mirror), in redu...

PubMed Articles [17038 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Ovarian hormones influence eating disorder symptom variability during the menopause transition: A pilot study.

Eating disorder symptoms change in a predictable pattern over the menstrual cycle such that changes in symptoms are triggered by changes in the ovarian hormones estradiol (E2) and progesterone (P4). T...

Mediating role of experiential avoidance in the relationship between anxiety sensitivity and eating disorder psychopathology: A clinical replication.

This study sought to examine whether anxiety sensitivity was associated with eating disorder (ED) symptom severity among patients with severe EDs, and to determine whether this relationship was mediat...

Gonadal hormone contributions to individual differences in eating disorder risk.

Females experience eating disorders at substantially higher rates than males. Although sociocultural factors have traditionally been thought to underlie this sex disparity, accumulating evidence impli...

Using network analysis to identify central eating disorder symptoms among men.

The network theory of psychopathology has been described as an "innovative framework" that may "transform" clinical psychological science. Several network studies have identified central eating disord...

Understanding suicide risk and eating disorders in college student populations: Results from a National Study.

To examine suicide risk by eating disorder severity and symptom presentation in a nationwide sample of college students.

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A disorder associated with three or more of the following: eating until feeling uncomfortably full; eating large amounts of food when not physically hungry; eating much more rapidly than normal; eating alone due to embarrassment; feeling of disgust, DEPRESSION, or guilt after overeating. Criteria includes occurrence on average, at least 2 days a week for 6 months. The binge eating is not associated with the regular use of inappropriate compensatory behavior (i.e. purging, excessive exercise, etc.) and does not co-occur exclusively with BULIMIA NERVOSA or ANOREXIA NERVOSA. (From DSM-IV, 1994)

Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.

An eating disorder that is characterized by a cycle of binge eating (BULIMIA or bingeing) followed by inappropriate acts (purging) to avert weight gain. Purging methods often include self-induced VOMITING, use of LAXATIVES or DIURETICS, excessive exercise, and FASTING.

Neurons that fire when an animal acts or observes the same action of another thus coding the motor response. They were originally discovered in the premotor and parietal cortex of the monkey and studies have shown that neurons that have a similar mechanism are present in humans. Mirror neurons are theorized to be related to social cognition.

Little or no appetite for breakfast due to eating more food after dinner than during the meal and eating more than half of daily food intake after dinner hour.

More From BioPortfolio on "In the Mirror: Functional Appreciated Bodies (IM FAB)"

Quick Search

Searches Linking to this Trial