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To evaluate the relationship between narcolepsy and sleep-disordered breathing, the natural course of untreated or treated sleep-disordered breathing and its impacts on autonomic regulation in patients with Prader-Willi syndrome with sleep-disordered breathing.
Polysomnography, Multiple sleep latency test, Continuous positive airway pressure
Taipei Tzu-Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu-Chi Medical Foundation
Taipei Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-15T11:11:31-0400
To date, there has been no head to head comparison of Upper Airway Stimulation (UAS) and Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) utilizing a full night polysomnographic evaluation. With...
The purpose of this randomized prospective study is to compare the efficacy of two approaches to initiate PAP treatment in patients diagnosed as having OSA by portable monitoring (limited ...
A randomized controlled trial of 2,700 women to assess whether treatment of obstructive sleep apnea with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in pregnancy will result in a reduction ...
Standard therapy in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). 30% to 50% are not adherent to this therapy and need an alternative treatment...
Fibromyalgia (FM) is a chronic pain disorder associated with a wide spectrum of sleep disorders. In fact, insomnia and waking unrefreshed are currently considered part of the criteria for ...
Obstructive sleep apnea is associated with hypertension, and short-term studies have demonstrated a modest reduction in blood pressure with continuous positive airway pressure therapy. We evaluated th...
Poor adherence to continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) commonly affects therapeutic response in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). We aimed to determine predictors of adherence to CPAP among partici...
Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is the standard treatment for the obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), but long-term adherence remains a challenge. In a pilot study, we observed that te...
Remotely controlled mandibular positioning of oral appliance therapy during polysomnography and drug-induced sleep endoscopy compared with conventional subjective titration in patients with obstructive sleep apnea: protocol for a randomized crossover trial.
The amount of mandibular protrusion is a key factor in optimizing the efficacy of mandibular advancement device (MAD) therapy in an individual patient diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea. This proc...
Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is an effective treatment of severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) but poor compliance is a major limitation. High-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) has been used as ...
The time it takes to reach REM SLEEP. It is typically measured by POLYSOMNOGRAPHY or EEG as a part of various sleep pattern tests (e.g., multiple sleep latency test).
A sleep disorder of central nervous system origin characterized by prolonged nocturnal sleep and periods of daytime drowsiness. Affected individuals experience difficulty with awakening in the morning and may have associated sleep drunkenness, automatic behaviors, and memory disturbances. This condition differs from narcolepsy in that daytime sleep periods are longer, there is no association with CATAPLEXY, and the multiple sleep latency onset test does not record sleep-onset rapid eye movement sleep. (From Chokroverty, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, pp319-20; Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 1998 Apr:52(2):125-129)
Simultaneous and continuous monitoring of several parameters during sleep to study normal and abnormal sleep. The study includes monitoring of brain waves, to assess sleep stages, and other physiological variables such as breathing, eye movements, and blood oxygen levels which exhibit a disrupted pattern with sleep disturbances.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
A technique of respiratory therapy, in either spontaneously breathing or mechanically ventilated patients, in which airway pressure is maintained above atmospheric pressure throughout the respiratory cycle by pressurization of the ventilatory circuit. (On-Line Medical Dictionary [Internet]. Newcastle upon Tyne(UK): The University Dept. of Medical Oncology: The CancerWEB Project; c1997-2003 [cited 2003 Apr 17]. Available from: http://cancerweb.ncl.ac.uk/omd/)
Sleep disorders disrupt sleep during the night, or cause sleepiness during the day, caused by physiological or psychological factors. The common ones include snoring and sleep apnea, insomnia, parasomnias, sleep paralysis, restless legs syndrome, circa...