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Autonomic Regulation in Prader-Willi Syndrome

2019-10-15 11:11:31 | BioPortfolio

Summary

To evaluate autonomic regulation in patients with Prader-Willi syndrome with sleep-disordered breathing.

Description

To evaluate the relationship between narcolepsy and sleep-disordered breathing, the natural course of untreated or treated sleep-disordered breathing and its impacts on autonomic regulation in patients with Prader-Willi syndrome with sleep-disordered breathing.

Study Design

Conditions

Autonomic Dysfunction

Intervention

Polysomnography, Multiple sleep latency test, Continuous positive airway pressure

Location

Taipei Tzu-Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu-Chi Medical Foundation
New Taipei
Taiwan
23143

Status

Recruiting

Source

Taipei Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-15T11:11:31-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The time it takes to reach REM SLEEP. It is typically measured by POLYSOMNOGRAPHY or EEG as a part of various sleep pattern tests (e.g., multiple sleep latency test).

A sleep disorder of central nervous system origin characterized by prolonged nocturnal sleep and periods of daytime drowsiness. Affected individuals experience difficulty with awakening in the morning and may have associated sleep drunkenness, automatic behaviors, and memory disturbances. This condition differs from narcolepsy in that daytime sleep periods are longer, there is no association with CATAPLEXY, and the multiple sleep latency onset test does not record sleep-onset rapid eye movement sleep. (From Chokroverty, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, pp319-20; Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 1998 Apr:52(2):125-129)

Simultaneous and continuous monitoring of several parameters during sleep to study normal and abnormal sleep. The study includes monitoring of brain waves, to assess sleep stages, and other physiological variables such as breathing, eye movements, and blood oxygen levels which exhibit a disrupted pattern with sleep disturbances.

In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.

A technique of respiratory therapy, in either spontaneously breathing or mechanically ventilated patients, in which airway pressure is maintained above atmospheric pressure throughout the respiratory cycle by pressurization of the ventilatory circuit. (On-Line Medical Dictionary [Internet]. Newcastle upon Tyne(UK): The University Dept. of Medical Oncology: The CancerWEB Project; c1997-2003 [cited 2003 Apr 17]. Available from: http://cancerweb.ncl.ac.uk/omd/)

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