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Central Sleep Apnea : Physiologic Mechanisms to Inform Treatment

2019-10-15 11:11:34 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Central sleep apnea (CSA) is common in patients with heart failure and those using opioid analgesics. Unfortunately, effective treatment of central apnea remains elusive, pressure therapy given the modest efficiency of positive airway pressure therapy. The focus of this proposal is to identify mechanistic pathways to guide future therapeutic interventions for central sleep apnea based on the strong premise that multi-modality therapy will normalize respiration and hence mitigate adverse long-term consequences of CSA. The investigators' proposed studies will test combination therapies, including positive airway pressure (PAP) plus a pharmacological agent who have heart failure or are using opioid analgesics. The investigators anticipate that findings will inform future clinical trials to improve care and quality of life among Veterans suffering from central sleep apnea, which remains difficult to treat using existing approaches.

Description

This project is focused on identifying mechanistic pathways to guide future therapeutic interventions for central sleep apnea (CSA) based on the strong premise that multi-modality therapy - aiming to normalize respiration- is the requisite path to mitigating the long-term adverse consequences of CSA. The central hypothesis is that CSA reflects a combination of physiologic perturbations and may require combined modality therapy targeting different parts of the ventilatory feedback loop. The proposed studies will test combination therapies, including PAP plus a pharmacological agent. This will also increase the clinical relevance of the proposed studies since PAP therapy is typically prescribed as the initial treatment of CSA. To achieve the objectives of this proposal, the investigators will test the following three specific aims. Specific Aim (1) is to determine the effect of combination therapy aiming to dampen chemoreceptor sensitivity AND decreasing plant gain. The investigators hypothesize that combined therapy with PAP, acetazolamide and oxygen will be superior to each intervention alone in reducing central apnea-hypopnea index (CAHI) and the CO2 reserve during sleep in patients with central sleep apnea. Specific Aim (2) is to determine the effect of decreasing respiratory-related arousals on the propensity to develop central apnea. The investigators hypothesize that administration of PAP and zolpidem, will decrease respiratory-related arousals, CAHI and the CO2 reserve during sleep in patients with CSA compared to placebo. Specific Aim (3) is to determine the effect of augmenting serotonin A1 receptor activity on breathing during sleep. The investigators hypothesize that administration of PAP and buspirone, a serotonin A1 receptor agonist; will reduce the propensity to central apnea during sleep in Veterans with central sleep apnea. This Novel project seeks to identify physiologic pathways that can, in combination with PAP therapy, improve the effectiveness of treatment for patients with CSA. The proposed studies are innovative, feasible and will provide a much-needed roadmap for future clinical trials that are likely to transform the care of central apnea in Veterans.

Study Design

Conditions

Sleep Disordered Breathing

Intervention

Acetazolamide + supplemental oxygen + PAP therapy, Zolpidem + PAP therapy, Buspirone + PAP therapy

Location

John D. Dingell VA Medical Center, Detroit, MI
Detroit
Michigan
United States
48201

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

VA Office of Research and Development

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-15T11:11:34-0400

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