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In trauma patients with high shock index, the investigators compare the effects on hemodynamics between ketamine and etomidate.
In trauma patients, rapid sequence intubation is recommended. The drug of choice, however, has been debated. One cohort comparative study showed ketamine had benefit in hemodynamics compared to etomidate in trauma patients. One observational study showed in high shock index patients, ketamine showed maintain systolic blood pressure. And other retrospective showed less clinical hypotension was less in ketamine. However there is no randomized controlled study comparing ketamine and etomidate in trauma patients. The purpose of this study is comparing the effects of hemodynamics between ketamine and etomidate in high shock index trauma patients.
Etomidate Injection 0.2 mg/kg, Ketamine injection 2 mg/kg
Ajou university school of medicine
Korea, Republic of
Not yet recruiting
Ajou University School of Medicine
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-15T11:11:04-0400
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Adverse reactions that occur initially at the site of injection or infusion. Milder type is confined to a local allergic flare reaction. A more severe reaction is caused by extravasation of VESICANTS from the blood vessel at the site of injection and can cause damage to the surrounding tissue. In tumor flare reaction symptoms involve well beyond the injection site such as an increase in the tumor size and tumor markers levels, bone pain, and HYPERCALCEMIA.
Total or subtotal destruction of the pituitary gland by chemical injection. It is usually achieved by injection of ethyl alcohol via trans-sphenoidal cannulation under stereotaxic control. It is usually performed for the treatment of intractable pain.
Hemorrhagic necrosis that was first demonstrated in rabbits with a two-step reaction, an initial local (intradermal) or general (intravenous) injection of a priming endotoxin (ENDOTOXINS) followed by a second intravenous endotoxin injection (provoking agent) 24 h later. The acute inflammation damages the small blood vessels. The following intravascular coagulation leads to capillary and venous THROMBOSIS and NECROSIS. Shwartzman phenomenon can also occur in other species with a single injection of a provoking agent, and during infections or pregnancy. Its susceptibility depends on the status of IMMUNE SYSTEM, coagulation, FIBRINOLYSIS, and blood flow.
The analysis of a chemical substance by inserting a sample into a carrier stream of reagent using a sample injection valve that propels the sample downstream where mixing occurs in a coiled tube, then passes into a flow-through detector and a recorder or other data handling device.
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