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This research compares the relative efficacy of two empirically-supported, standardized programs of cognitive remediation for treatment of cognitive deficits and community function in schizophrenia to help inform best practices. The proposed study advances public health by developing and evaluating new behavioral techniques for improving psychosocial outcome in individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia.
Evidence over the past 30 years has revealed that 70-80% of individuals with schizophrenia exhibit marked neurocognitive deficits on measures of attention, learning and memory, problem-solving, language and sensory-motor skill. Particular significance has been attached to these deficits as their severity has been linked to impaired community function, social problem-solving and progress in psychosocial rehabilitation programs. Cognitive remediation (CR) is a type of behavioral intervention that addresses cognitive deficits in schizophrenia by restoring lost cognitive skills or providing strategies for bypassing deficits through task practice. Meta-analyses have revealed that cognitive remediation is a validated approach to improving cognitive function in schizophrenia, however a lack of precision regarding the active elements of the intervention have prevented its recommendation as a standard treatment for the illness. The present three-year proposal seeks to identify cognitive training mechanisms that are most effective at improving cognitive function in schizophrenia by comparing two different systematic programs of CR with different foci: drill-and-practice exercises vs. compensatory strategies. Both programs have strong preliminary empirical support. One-hundred and thirty-five clients diagnosed with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder will be randomly assigned to one of three groups: a neuroplasticity-based, drill-and-practice program of computer-assisted cognitive training exercises designed to restore lost cognitive capacity; a manualized strategy training method for bypassing deficits in cognition, or a computer games control condition. Study measures, organized according to an experimental therapeutics approach, with targets distinguished from outcomes, will assess generalization of any observed training effects.
Cognitive Remediation, Computer Games
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Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-17T11:03:50-0400
The aim of this study is to investigate the efficacy of neuroscience-guided computerized cognitive training exercises on the remediation of cognitive deficits and symptoms associated with ...
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of an innovative, computer driven cognitive rehabilitation program for individuals with schizophrenia and related disorders.
The primary aim of the project is to test the effectiveness of a cognitive remediation program, My Brain Solutions (MBS), in addition to motivational interviewing (MI) in improving cogniti...
This study will test whether a cognitive remediation program to treat people with schizophrenia can be successfully implemented in a network of research clinics.
Cognitive remediation (CR) and aerobic exercise have separately shown promising results in schizophrenia cognitive improvement, despite this, the impact in improving functionality is still...
Schizophrenia (SZ) is associated with cognitive impairment that contributes to disability, but the cognitive dysfunction is relatively refractory to pharmacologic intervention. Though Valproate augmen...
Previous studies have reported that cognitive remediation therapy (CRT) improves cognitive deficits in patents with schizophrenia. However, few studies have focused on the underlying structural altera...
Patients with schizophrenia show cognitive impairments that have been linked to poor social functioning. Computerized cognitive remediation therapy has shown to be effective in improving both cognitio...
Patients with schizophrenia experience cognitive impairments that relate to poorer social functioning even after amelioration of positive symptoms. Pharmacological treatment and cognitive remediation ...
Cognitive impairment in schizophrenia involves a broad array of nonsocial and social cognitive domains. It is a core feature of the illness, and one with substantial implications for treatment and pro...
Behavioral treatment that uses drill and practice, compensatory and adaptive strategies to facilitate improvement in targeted learning areas.
A set of cognitive functions that controls complex, goal-directed thought and behavior. Executive function involves multiple domains, such as CONCEPT FORMATION, goal management, cognitive flexibility, INHIBITION control, and WORKING MEMORY. Impaired executive function is seen in a range of disorders, e.g., SCHIZOPHRENIA; and ADHD.
Games designed to provide information on hypotheses, policies, procedure or strategies.
A form of interactive entertainment in which the player controls electronically generated images that appear on a video display screen. This includes video games played in the home on special machines or home computers, and those played in arcades. (McGraw Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology, 7th ed, v19, p223)
A chronic form of schizophrenia characterized primarily by the presence of persecutory or grandiose delusions, often associated with hallucination.
Schizophrenia is a common serious long-term mental health condition that affects 5 in 1000 in the UK. It causes a range of different psychological symptoms; hallucinations, delusions, muddled thoughts based on the hallucinations or delusions and ch...
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