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Cryoablation of the Retrograde Fast Pathway as Treatment for AVNRT

2019-10-16 10:39:25 | BioPortfolio

Summary

In this study a new technique for ablation in atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia using cryo-energy will be studied in cases where the standard approach has higher risk.

Description

Atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) is the most common cause of fast heartbeats in young people. People with AVNRT have two pathways within the heart, the fast pathway (FP) and slow pathway (SP). A treatment for AVNRT is ablation (burning or freezing) of the SP. This can be done with either radiofrequency or cryo-energy. A complication which occurs in 1% of cases is AV block (AVB), meaning the person needs a pacemaker.

Slow pathway ablation is a problem in people when the electrocardiogram (ECG) shows a long PR interval, with greater rates of AVB. This accounts for 5% of AVNRT cases. A possible solution is to treat the FP with cryo-energy and leave the SP intact. This pilot study aims to show this is safe and effective.

Study Design

Conditions

Atrioventricular Node Arrhythmia

Intervention

Cardiac catheter ablation

Location

Lawson Health Research Institute
London
Ontario
Canada
N6A5A5

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Lawson Health Research Institute

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-16T10:39:25-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A cardiac arrhythmia that is caused by interaction of two independently initiated cardiac impulses of different rates from two separate foci. Generally one focus is the SINOATRIAL NODE, the normal pacemaker. The ectopic focus is usually in the HEART VENTRICLE but can be in the HEART ATRIUM or the ATRIOVENTRICULAR NODE. Modulation of the parasystolic rhythm by the sinus rhythm depends on the completeness of entrance block surrounding the parasystolic focus.

Cardiac arrhythmias that are characterized by excessively slow HEART RATE, usually below 50 beats per minute in human adults. They can be classified broadly into SINOATRIAL NODE dysfunction and ATRIOVENTRICULAR BLOCK.

A small nodular mass of specialized muscle fibers located in the interatrial septum near the opening of the coronary sinus. It gives rise to the atrioventricular bundle of the conduction system of the heart.

The small mass of modified cardiac muscle fibers located at the junction of the superior vena cava (VENA CAVA, SUPERIOR) and right atrium. Contraction impulses probably start in this node, spread over the atrium (HEART ATRIUM) and are then transmitted by the atrioventricular bundle (BUNDLE OF HIS) to the ventricle (HEART VENTRICLE).

Small band of specialized CARDIAC MUSCLE fibers that originates in the ATRIOVENTRICULAR NODE and extends into the membranous part of the interventricular septum. The bundle of His, consisting of the left and the right bundle branches, conducts the electrical impulses to the HEART VENTRICLES in generation of MYOCARDIAL CONTRACTION.

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