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Negative MRI findings may occur in up to 40% of cases of ACTH producing microadenomas. The aim of the study is to evaluate if detection of ACTH producing microadenomas can be increased using deep learning based denoising MRI.
Detecting ACTH producing microadenoma in MRI is important in establishing the diagnosis of Cushing disease and may enable patients to avoid additional diagnostic tests such as inferior petrosal sinus sampling. However, detecting ACTH producing microadenoma in MRI remains as a diagnostic challenge due its small size with its median diameter of 5-mm. Many attempts have been made in order to improve the sensitivity of detecting ACTH producing microadenoma. It is generally accepted as standard clinical practice to perform dynamic contrast enhanced T1 weighted image to delineate delayed enhancing microadenonoma in comparison to the background enhancement of the normal gland. Despite these attempts, negative MRI findings may occur in up to 40% of cases of ACTH producing microadenomas and there is a need to improve its detection rate. Theoretically, performing thin slice thickness scans should help detecting the lesion but this is unavoidably accompanied with increased level of noise. Deep learning based denoising algorithm can be applied to reduce the noise level and potentially increase the detection rate of ACTH producing microadenomas. The aim of the study is to evaluate if detection of ACTH producing microadenomas can be increased using deep learning based denoising MRI.
Pituitary ACTH Secreting Adenoma
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Asan Medical Center
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-16T10:39:36-0400
Pituitary adenomas are usually benign monoclonal neoplasms caused by a mixture of pituicyte alterations together with a changed endocrine and paracrine regulatory milieu. Thus, it can caus...
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Cushing's disease is characterized by the existence of a benign pituitary tumor developed from corticotropic cells responsible for excessive ACTH secretion. This results in hypercorticism ...
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A pituitary adenoma which secretes ADRENOCORTICOTROPIN, leading to CUSHING DISEASE.
A syndrome characterized by HYPERPIGMENTATION, enlarging pituitary mass, visual defects secondary to compression of the OPTIC CHIASM, and elevated serum ACTH. It is caused by the expansion of an underlying ACTH-SECRETING PITUITARY ADENOMA that grows in the absence of feedback inhibition by adrenal CORTICOSTEROIDS, usually after ADRENALECTOMY.
Neoplasms which arise from or metastasize to the PITUITARY GLAND. The majority of pituitary neoplasms are adenomas, which are divided into non-secreting and secreting forms. Hormone producing forms are further classified by the type of hormone they secrete. Pituitary adenomas may also be characterized by their staining properties (see ADENOMA, BASOPHIL; ADENOMA, ACIDOPHIL; and ADENOMA, CHROMOPHOBE). Pituitary tumors may compress adjacent structures, including the HYPOTHALAMUS, several CRANIAL NERVES, and the OPTIC CHIASM. Chiasmal compression may result in bitemporal HEMIANOPSIA.
A pituitary tumor that secretes GROWTH HORMONE. In humans, excess HUMAN GROWTH HORMONE leads to ACROMEGALY.
A small tumor of the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland whose cells stain with basic dyes. It may give rise to excessive secretion of ACTH, resulting in CUSHING SYNDROME. (Dorland, 27th ed)
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