Effectiveness of Using the Swiss Ball in Birth

2019-10-17 11:03:39 | BioPortfolio


A randomized clinical trial will be conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of using the Swiss Ball as a resource that reduces the length of labor time. The study will be conducted in the Low Risk Labor and Delivery sector of (Instituto Materno Infantil Professor Fernando Figueira) IMIP, which has a team of obstetric nurses, medical coordination and physical therapy support. The study population will be composed of low risk parturients admitted to the sector. Parturients who meet the inclusion criteria after signing the Informed Consent Form will be allocated into two groups: Group A (experimental) and Group B (control). Group A will be encouraged to use the Swiss Ball through pelvic movements, and Group B will go through the usual routine. Study results will be evaluated by assistants during labor and immediately after delivery.


Background: The Birth Ball, in childbirth care, has become a widely used resource in obstetrical centers, as it allows the adoption of vertical postures and exercises of pelvic mobility. It is an inexpensive and user-friendly feature that can facilitate pelvic exercise and thus contribute to positive maternal and neonatal outcomes.

Aim: To evaluate the effectiveness of the use of the Birth Ball compared to usual care in reducing the time of the first period of labor.

Methods: This is a randomized and pragmatic clinical trial that will be developed at the IMIP Childbirth Center in the state of Pernambuco. Pregnant women with normal risk, will be included in the first period of labor, with term gestation of the single and cephalic fetus, and pregnant women with a fetus dead, with a psychiatric disorder, using psychoactive drugs and in use of epidural analgesia or oxytocin prior to randomization. The sample size was calculated in 200 parturients, being randomly allocated 100 pregnant women for the experimental group and 100 for the control group, according to a list of random numbers specifically generated for this purpose. The duration of the first period of labor and, as secondary, pain, duration of the second period, birth routes, use of analgesia and oxytocin before randomization, fatigue, anxiety, maternal satisfaction, APGAR in the 5th neonatal resuscitation and hospitalization in a neonatal intensive care unit. The intervention group will use Birth Ball to perform active anteversion and pelvic retroversion exercises, lateralization and circumference according to the obstetric evaluation. The control group will receive the usual routine care of the service. Measurements will be made during and after fetal birth. The control group will receive the usual routine care of the service. Measurements will be made during and after fetal birth. To compare the continuous variables, the mean difference with the 95% Confidence Interval and Student's t-Test will be used. In order to compare the dichotomous variables, the Chi-square Test will be used. The Relative Risk will be calculated with the respective Confidence Interval of 95%. Data analysis will be performed using the Epi Info for Windows, version 3.5.4. The data will be presented in tables.

Ethical aspects: This study will comply with Resolution 466/12 of the National Health Council and will be submitted to the IMIP Research Ethics Committee, beginning only after its approval. All participants will only be included if they voluntarily agree to participate by signing the Free and Informed Consent Form. The research protocol will be registered in Clinical

There are no conflicts of interest.

Study Design


Labor Pain


Swiss Ball, Control Grup


Instituto Materno Infantil Prof. Fernando Figueira


Not yet recruiting


Instituto Materno Infantil Prof. Fernando Figueira

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-17T11:03:39-0400

Clinical Trials [2205 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

The Effects of the Swiss Ball on Cerebral Vascular Accident

The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of the Swiss ball on patients with hemiplegia due to CVA.

Do Peanut Shaped Birthing Balls Reduce the Length of Labor in Patients With Epidural Analgesia?

Labor patients who meet inclusion and exclusion criteria will be consented to be participate in this study to determine if the use of a peanut shaped birthing ball reduces the length of la...

Effect of Exercises on Pain, Functional Disability and Lumbar Stability in Patients With Low Back Pain

The purposes of this study are to compare the effects of core stabilization exercises on pain intensity, functional disability and lumbar stability between using and not using the Swiss ba...

Reducing Cesarean Delivery Rate in Obese Patients Using the Peanut Ball

This study aims to determine if using the peanut ball during the active phase of labor reduces the cesarean delivery rate when compared to normal intrapartum management (no peanut ball) in...

fMRI Measurements on Pain Relief Methods in First Stage Labor Pain

The purposes of this study is to integrate the objective tests into the subjective test, visual analog score (VAS), for evaluation and further understanding of relieving labor pain by TENS...

PubMed Articles [11951 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Complementary therapies in labor: randomized clinical trial.

To evaluate the effect of isolated and combined warm shower bath and perineal exercise with Swiss ball, on perception of pain, anxiety and labor progression.

Peanut ball for decreasing length of labor: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Prolonged length of labor is associated with increased maternal and neonatal complications. Therefore, great attention has been given to interventions aimed at reducing the length of labor. One such i...

The effect of acupressure on labor pain and the duration of labor when applied to the SP6 point: Randomized clinical trial.

This study aims to determine the effect of acupressure (SP6) on first stage of labor pain and duration.

Effect of Peanut Ball and Position Changes in Women Laboring With an Epidural.

To examine the effect of a nurse-driven intervention using a peanut ball (PB) with position changes on length of labor and incidence of cesarean birth among women who receive epidural anesthesia.

Movements of the eyes and hands are coordinated by a common predictive strategy.

Although attempts to intercept a ball in flight are often preceded by predictive gaze behavior, the relationship between the predictive control of gaze and the effector is largely unexplored. The pres...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Pain associated with OBSTETRIC LABOR in CHILDBIRTH. It is caused primarily by UTERINE CONTRACTION as well as pressure on the CERVIX; BLADDER; and the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT. Labor pain mostly occurs in the ABDOMEN; the GROIN; and the BACK.

Relief of PAIN, without loss of CONSCIOUSNESS, through ANALGESIC AGENTS administered by the patients. It has been used successfully to control POSTOPERATIVE PAIN, during OBSTETRIC LABOR, after BURNS, and in TERMINAL CARE. The choice of agent, dose, and lockout interval greatly influence effectiveness. The potential for overdose can be minimized by combining small bolus doses with a mandatory interval between successive doses (lockout interval).

A narcotic analgesic that can be used for the relief of most types of moderate to severe pain, including postoperative pain and the pain of labor. Prolonged use may lead to dependence of the morphine type; withdrawal symptoms appear more rapidly than with morphine and are of shorter duration.

A cell line established in 1962 from disaggregated Swiss albino mouse embryos. This fibroblast cell line is extremely popular in research.

A game in which a round inflated ball is advanced by kicking or propelling with any part of the body except the hands or arms. The object of the game is to place the ball in opposite goals.

More From BioPortfolio on "Effectiveness of Using the Swiss Ball in Birth"

Quick Search

Relevant Topics

Drug Discovery
Clinical Approvals Clinical Trials Drug Approvals Drug Delivery Drug Discovery Generics Drugs Prescription Drugs In the fields of medicine, biotechnology and pharmacology, drug discovery is the process by which drugs are dis...

Obstetrics and gynaecology
Fertility Menopause Obstetrics & Gynaecology Osteoporosis Women's Health Obstetrics and gynaecology comprises the care of the pregnant woman, her unborn child and the management of diseases specific to women. Most consultant...

Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...

Searches Linking to this Trial