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Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak is a rare condition. When it involves the ventral skull base, a surgical closure may be achieved using endoscopic skull base surgery techniques. The major principles remain in achieving a watertight closure that can also support the brain (and avoid brain sagging) in case of extensive skull base defects. Surgical techniques are well described. Many clinical factors may influence the successful rate of the reconstruction. However, there is a lack of clinical study on perioperative management of CSF leaks. The purpose of this study is to gather the opinion of skull base surgeons on the post-operative management of patients to avoid CSF leak recurrence.
•Methods: The investigators will collect data from skull base surgeons using an electronic survey questionnaire (Google Form, Google, Mountain View, California, U.S.A.) submitted by e-mail to the members of the French Association of Rhinology, to the European Rhinologic Society, to the French college of neurosurgeons, to the Italian skull base society members, and to the former students of the European endoscopic skull base diploma. This is an anonymous 60-items survey. Questions were classified in eight sections: general questions, material used at the end of the surgical procedure, post-operative resting position, drugs, CSF depletion, post-operative advices, explorations in case of early recurrence of the rhinorrhoea, and follow-up modalities.
•Discussion: The investigators aim to understand the actual practice of skull base surgeons after closure of ventral skull base CSF leaks. This can serve as a basis for conducting clinical studies in the future.
Cerebrospinal Fluid Leak
University Hospital, Montpellier
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-17T11:03:41-0400
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Discharge of cerebrospinal fluid through a hole through the skull bone most commonly draining from the nose (CEREBROSPINAL FLUID RHINORRHEA) or the ear (CEREBROSPINAL FLUID OTORRHEA).
Tubes inserted to create communication between a cerebral ventricle and the internal jugular vein. Their emplacement permits draining of cerebrospinal fluid for relief of hydrocephalus or other condition leading to fluid accumulation in the ventricles.
Discharge of cerebrospinal fluid through the nose. Common etiologies include trauma, neoplasms, and prior surgery, although the condition may occur spontaneously. (Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1997 Apr;116(4):442-9)
Proteins in the cerebrospinal fluid, normally albumin and globulin present in the ratio of 8 to 1. Increases in protein levels are of diagnostic value in neurological diseases. (Brain and Bannister's Clinical Neurology, 7th ed, p221)
Manometric pressure of the CEREBROSPINAL FLUID as measured by lumbar, cerebroventricular, or cisternal puncture. Within the cranial cavity it is called INTRACRANIAL PRESSURE.
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