Multicenter Evaluation of Right Colon Polyp Miss Rates Using Water Exchange Versus CO2 Insufflation

2019-10-16 10:39:14 | BioPortfolio


A prospective multicenter randomized controlled trial (RCT) comparing water exchange (WE) colonoscopy and carbon dioxide (CO2) insufflation in terms of right colon combined adenoma miss rate (AMR) and hyperplastic polyp miss rate (HPMR) by tandem inspection.


This will be a prospective RCT comparing CO2 insufflation and WE in terms of right colon combined AMR and HPMR by tandem inspection. It will be a multicenter study conducted in three community hospitals (Evergreen General Hospital, Taoyuan; Dalin Tzu-Chi Hospital, Chiayi; Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taipei) in Taiwan. Consecutive patients aged 45 years or older undergoing colonoscopy for screening, surveillance, and positive FIT will be considered for enrollment from December 2019 to May 2021. A written informed consent will be obtained from all participating patients. Participants will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio to undergo either the CO2 insufflation colonoscopy (CO2 group) or WE colonoscopy (WE group). WE colonoscopies will be performed by five board-certified colonoscopists (Chi-Liang Cheng, Yen-Lin Kuo [Evergreen General Hospital]; Yu-Hsi Hsieh, Chih-Wei Tseng [Dalin Tzu-Chi Hospital]; Jui-Hsiang Tang [Taipei Medical University Hospital]. Standard colonoscopes (CF-Q260AL/I, CF-HQ290L/I; Olympus Medical Systems Corp., Tokyo, Japan) will be used. Felix W. Leung will be involved in the study design, data analyses, and report preparation, but not in patient enrollment. Antispasmodic medication will not be administered during colonoscopy examination. CO2 insufflation will be used for CO2 group and the withdrawal phase of the WE group. In the WE group, the air pump will be turned off before starting the procedure. During the insertion phase, air and residual water or feces in the rectum will be aspirated, and then the colon will be irrigated with warm water. When the cecum is reached and after most of the water is suctioned to collapse the cecal lumen, CO2 will be opened. In the CO2 group, colonoscopy is performed in the usual fashion, with minimal insufflation required to aid insertion. Cleaning in the CO2 group will be performed entirely during withdrawal. Upon arriving at the cecum, CO2 insufflation will be used in both groups and the scope will be withdrawn from the cecum to the hepatic flexure, with inspection of the mucosa at the same time. All polyps identified will be resected and sent for pathology evaluation. The most distal part of the hepatic flexure will be marked by a forceps biopsy and then the scope will be reinserted into the cecum by the first endoscopist using CO2 insufflation. A tandem inspection of the right colon will then be performed by a blinded endoscopist in both study groups. All polyps found herein will be counted as the missed polyps. After the second withdrawal to the mark of distal hepatic flexure, the remainder of the colon will be examined in a standard manner by the first endoscopist. Polyp search and resection will be performed during the withdrawal phase in both groups. Insertion polypectomy will not be performed.

Study Design


Right Colon Adenoma Miss Rate


Colon Polypectomy


Evergreen General Hospital


Not yet recruiting


Evergreen General Hospital, Taiwan

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-16T10:39:14-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions


The segment of LARGE INTESTINE between ASCENDING COLON and DESCENDING COLON. It passes from the RIGHT COLIC FLEXURE across the ABDOMEN, then turns sharply at the left colonic flexure into the descending colon.


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