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Risk prediction in in inherited heart rhythm conditions that may cause sudden cardiac arrest or death is difficult. Sometimes the risks may be low but the loss of life in an otherwise healthy young individual is catastrophic. Clinicians often treat to the extreme to prevent this and so often those at unknown risk for a serious cardiac event are treated with an implanted cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) to protect against sudden death even though the risk is low or unknown. ICDs them selves are not without adverse events such as needing battery replacements, mechanical complications, inappropriate shocks and body image and self esteem issues for the patient. This study will use an inject able monitor that is less invasive to monitor inherited heart rhythm patients long term to help gather long term heart rhythm data (3 years) on patients with an inherited heart rhythm that will help to detect symptoms of dangerous heart rhythms so that the appropriate care can be provided.
Risk stratification is challenging in latent genetically mediated sudden death syndromes, where the absolute risks are low but the loss of life is catastrophic in otherwise well young individuals. Countering this is the manifest drawbacks of liberal use of Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICDs) in this population, who may suffer harm from the limitations of ICDs with respect to repeated generator changes, lead/mechanical complications, non-target shocks and issues with body image and self esteem. This balance is struck with patients and clinicians in the inherited arrhythmia clinics daily.
The Principal Investigator has a longstanding interest in cardiac monitoring and syncope, with extensive experience with cardiac monitoring technologies. Recently published data from the study team indicates that 69% of unexplained cardiac arrest patients had suffered syncope, presyncope, chest pain or palpitations, significantly greater than the 43% incidence in their first-degree relatives8. The prevalence of syncope was 34% in those patients with subsequently diagnosed inherited causes of cardiac arrest. This suggests an excellent opportunity to detect symptomatic and asymptomatic arrhythmias in patients to risk stratify patients and direct ICD resources to patients that are likely to benefit. Coupling of recording with remote monitoring of device-detected events enables a short time from detected arrhythmia to reporting and resultant clinical decision-making (base station in the patient's home transmits any acquired data daily).
An intermediate risk population is seen regularly in the inherited arrhythmia clinic, based on a wide array of clinical features that are proven or suspected risk markers in patients who either prefer to avoid an ICD, or whose risk is insufficient to clearly warrant an ICD. The risk in these individuals is hampered by the relatively uncommon short-term risk of spontaneous arrhythmia that is detected by routine 24-48 Holter surveillance to assist as a "tie breaker", to favor more aggressive therapy with an ICD. This study will extend the monitoring period of intermediate risk patients to 3 years and enable detection of symptomatic and asymptomatic ventricular arrhythmia that would inform risk discussion with the patient and favor more aggressive therapy. The latter may involve incremental drug therapy, cardiac sympathectomy or an ICD.
Loop recorder implantation (Reveal LINQ, Medtronic, Minneapolis MN), also called an insertable cardiac monitor (ICM) has the ability to analyze the beat to beat variability of cardiac cycles on a 2 minute ECG strip and stores the tracing for visual confirmation of any cardiac events. The device also provides the patient with the ability to activate the device manually and so facilitates analysis of heart rhythm during symptomatic events.
The device is manufactured and will be provided by Medtronic Canada Ltd, 99 Hereford Street, Brampton, Ontario L6Y 0R3 +1 905-460-3800. The Medtronic Reveal LINQ is a programmable device that continuously monitors a patient's ECG and other physiological parameters. The device records cardiac information in response to automatically detected arrhythmias and patient activation. The form factor of the device has changed from that similar to a USB thumb drive that requires surgical implantation to that of a paper clip that can be injected in a minimally invasive environment including office based clean rooms. This device is small leadless and is inserted under the skin, in the chest. The device can be inserted by the physician in the office, saving precious healthcare resources.
Potential Adverse Events include but are not limited to:
- Device rejection phenomena (including local tissue reaction)
- Device migration
- Erosion through the skin
Inherited Cardiac Arrhythmias
St. Paul's Hospital
University of British Columbia
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-17T11:03:42-0400
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