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Fecal Microbiome Transplantation (FMT) for Type 1 Diabetes

2019-10-17 11:03:43 | BioPortfolio

Summary

This study intends to reconstruct intestinal micro-ecology through fecal Microbiome transplantation (FMT) technology, to treat patients with type 1 diabetes, and combine intestinal Metagenomics and 16s rRNA sequencing technology to study the relevant mechanism of intestinal micro-ecology for the treatment of type 1 diabetes.

Description

Type 1 diabetes is an organ-specific autoimmune disease based on islet beta cell-specific destruction and absolute insulin deficiency. Studies on the pathogenesis of intestinal flora and type 1 diabetes have shown that as an "endocrine organ", intestinal microbes play an important role in regulating the secretion of the body. Bacteria in the intestine can not only directly synthesize hormones or hormone-like compounds, but also regulate the synthesis and secretion of corresponding hormones in the widely distributed intestinal endocrine cells, thereby participating in the regulation of various biological functions in the human body. This study uses fecal microbiome transplantation (FMT) to explore another potential treatment for type 1 diabetes.

Study Design

Conditions

Type 1 Diabetes

Intervention

Fecal Microbiota Transplantation (FMT)

Location

The third affiliated hospital of Southern Medical University
Guangzhou
Guangdong
China
510630

Status

Recruiting

Source

The Third Affiliated Hospital of Southern Medical University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-17T11:03:43-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Transfer of GASTROINTESTINAL MICROBIOTA from one individual to another by infusion of donor FECES to the upper or lower GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT of the recipient.

The time period before the development of symptomatic diabetes. For example, certain risk factors can be observed in subjects who subsequently develop INSULIN RESISTANCE as in type 2 diabetes (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 2).

A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.

Preparative treatment of transplant recipient with various conditioning regimens including radiation, immune sera, chemotherapy, and/or immunosuppressive agents, prior to transplantation. Transplantation conditioning is very common before bone marrow transplantation.

A severe type of hyperlipidemia, sometimes familial, that it is characterized by the elevation of both plasma CHYLOMICRONS and TRIGLYCERIDES contained in VERY-LOW-DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS. Type V hyperlipoproteinemia is often associated with DIABETES MELLITUS and is not caused by reduced LIPOPROTEIN LIPASE activity as in HYPERLIPOPROTEINEMIA TYPE I .

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