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Lower limb peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a common, important manifestation of systemic atherosclerosis. Stenosis or occlusions in the superficial femoral artery (SFA) may result in intermittent claudication or even critical ischemia, which may be treated by balloon angioplasty with or without stenting .
Atherosclerotic disease in the femoropopliteal (FP) artery consists of perfusion to the legs and feet. Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) has been routinely used to manage FP artery disease and is recommended as an alternative to surgical bypass. Recently, newer endovascular approaches such as covered stent, drug-eluting balloon (DEB), drug-eluting stent (DES), or catheter based atherectomy have been introduced as treatment options for FP artery disease. Nevertheless, FP artery-in stent restenosis (ISR) is still a major challenge with endovascular therapy .
Although the use of peripheral arterial stents brought about a dramatic improvement in patients' clinical and procedural outcomes, the long-term outcome of stent implantation remains significantly constrained by the risk of developing in-stent restenosis (ISR) over time.
Advancements in endovascular stent technology have addressed limitations associated with conventional percutaneous transluminal balloon angioplasty in patients with chronic peripheral arterial disease (PAD) of the lower limbs, such as elastic recoil,residual stenosis and flow-limiting dissection . However, a considerable proportion of patients with PAD treated with stenting will require secondary interventions due to in-stent restenosis (ISR), which is particularly common in long and complex lesions ISR refers to loss of luminal volume from an ingrowth of cells, extracellular matrix, and thrombus within the cylinder of the stented artery and 5-mm margins proximal and distal to the stent. ISR has been reported to occur in 18-40% of patients undergoing stenting in the femoropopliteal segment within the first year of treatment .
The treatment of ISR is one of the major challenges in endovascular therapy for PAD. The treatment options for ISR include standard balloon angioplasty with or without repeat stenting (using bare-metal stents, stent grafts or drug-eluting stents), drug-coated or cutting balloon angioplasty, cryoplasty and directional or laser atherectomy .
Peripheral Arterial Disease
Assiut university hospital
Not yet recruiting
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-16T10:39:19-0400
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