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Tinnitus and Acupuncture

2019-10-21 12:45:31 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the effect, onset and duration of action, and short-term outcomes of acupuncture therapy in the treatment of patients with severe chronic subjective tinnitus.

Methods: This study is a randomized, controlled trial evaluating patients with chronic, idiopathic and severe tinnitus. A total of 105 participants were divided into two groups using the randomization method: the study group that received real acupuncture therapy (n = 53) and the sham acupuncture group. Ten acupuncture sessions were applied over five weeks. After treatment, each participant was monitored for up to three months according to the changes in the Visual Analog Scale (VAS), Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI), Pure-Tone Audiometry and Speech Discrimination scores.

Description

This was a prospective, randomized, controlled study, approved by the local ethics committee and carried out in a single center in accordance with the ethical principles of the Helsinki Declaration (E-18-2165).

The inclusion criteria of the study for patients were determined as; (a) male and female patients aged 18 to 60 years, (b) unilateral or bilateral subjective tinnitus, (c) with a history of severe subjective tinnitus for at least one year, (d) patients with severe tinnitus according to the THI questionnaire result (over 38 points), (e) the patients who could not detect etiology of tinnitus in the otolaryngology examination, (f) not having received any treatment within the last six months. The patients who applied to the otorhinolaryngology clinic of our hospital were included in the study.

According to the randomization method, the group to which each participant was assigned was only known to the researcher who applied acupuncture therapy. The participants and the remaining researchers that administered THI to the participants were blinded to the groups.

The data were obtained from the patients' responses to VAS and THI questionnaires. Each participant completed the VAS and THI questionnaires seven times during the course of the five-week treatment and the three-month follow-up after treatment.

Study Design

Conditions

Tinnitus, Subjective

Intervention

acupuncture

Location

Ihsan Kuzucu
Ankara
Turkey
06100

Status

Completed

Source

Aksaray University Training and Research Hospital

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-21T12:45:31-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A nonspecific symptom of hearing disorder characterized by the sensation of buzzing, ringing, clicking, pulsations, and other noises in the ear. Objective tinnitus refers to noises generated from within the ear or adjacent structures that can be heard by other individuals. The term subjective tinnitus is used when the sound is audible only to the affected individual. Tinnitus may occur as a manifestation of COCHLEAR DISEASES; VESTIBULOCOCHLEAR NERVE DISEASES; INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION; CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; and other conditions.

A type of massage in which finger pressure on specific body sites is used to promote healing, relieve fatigue, etc. Although the anatomical locations are the same as the ACUPUNCTURE POINTS used in ACUPUNCTURE THERAPY (hence acu-), no needle or other acupuncture technique is employed in acupressure. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed). Shiatsu is a modern outgrowth that focuses more on prevention than healing.

Analgesia produced by the insertion of ACUPUNCTURE needles at certain ACUPUNCTURE POINTS on the body. This activates small myelinated nerve fibers in the muscle which transmit impulses to the spinal cord and then activate three centers - the spinal cord, midbrain and pituitary/hypothalamus - to produce analgesia.

Acupuncture therapy by inserting needles in the ear. It is used to control pain and for treating various ailments.

Designated locations along nerves or organ meridians for inserting acupuncture needles.

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