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This study aims to compare the efficacy and safety between moisturizing cream containing 12% ammonium lactate and 10% urea in geriatric with xerosis cutis. A double-blind randomized controlled trial with matching paired subject was conducted on 40 residents of a nursing home in Jakarta. Specified symptom sum score (SRRC), skin capacitance (SCap), transepidermal water loss (TEWL), and side effects were measured at baseline, week-2 and week-4 after therapy, and week-5 one week after therapy cessation. After a week of preconditioning, each subject received two different moisturizing creams to be applied on separate lower limbs.
Dry skin or xerosis cutis is widely known skin health issue in geriatric population with prevalence rate ranges between 29.5 - 85.5%. One of the internal etiological factors is decreased production of natural moisturizing factor as a humectant. Application of moisturizer is the mainstay treatment. Moisturizer with humectant property, like lactate and urea, could restore skin hydration and barrier dysfunction. This study aims to compare the efficacy and safety between moisturizing cream containing 12% ammonium lactate and 10% urea in geriatric with xerosis cutis.
Ammonium Lactate, Urea
Faculty of Medicine University of Indonesia
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-21T12:45:33-0400
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A cytochrome form of lactate dehydrogenase found in the MITOCHONDRIA. It catalyzes the oxidation of L-lactate to PYRUVATE with transfer of electrons to CYTOCHROME C. The enzyme utilizes FMN and PROTOHEME IX as cofactors.
The urea concentration of the blood stated in terms of nitrogen content. Serum (plasma) urea nitrogen is approximately 12% higher than blood urea nitrogen concentration because of the greater protein content of red blood cells. Increases in blood or serum urea nitrogen are referred to as azotemia and may have prerenal, renal, or postrenal causes. (From Saunders Dictionary & Encyclopedia of Laboratory Medicine and Technology, 1984)
Inorganic compounds that include a positively charged tetrahedral nitrogen (ammonium ion) as part of their structure. This class of compounds includes a broad variety of simple ammonium salts and derivatives.
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