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Cloud-Based Mapping for Personalized Ablation

2019-10-21 12:45:35 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Atrial fibrillation is a serious public health issue that affects over 5 million Americans in whom it may cause skipped beats, dizziness, stroke and even death. This study seeks to improve our understanding of the causes of atrial fibrillation and to design new and more effective therapy for this heart rhythm disorder.

Description

This project will focus on the development of a novel paradigm for electrophysiologic data analysis and interpretation using cloud-based computing resources and mobile technology. Currently, electrophysiologic data gathered during a procedure is analyzed by the operator using multiple separate desk-based computer systems in the electrophysiology laboratory. The investigators propose that advances in cloud-based computing resources and network connectivity should apply a mobile paradigm to apply to invasive electrophysiologic procedures.

This project will provide proof-of-concept that open-access software the investigators have developed and made available online could be used, via a mobile phone interface, to identify sites in the heart where therapy is effective. At no time will patient therapy be guided by this system. The investigators will pursue therapy using only clinical means. In parallel, a double-blinded team will analyze data in real time using our online software visualized on a smartphone. Only when the case is concluded will the data be unblinded, to determine if the mobile system was accurate in real time.

Thus, development and testing of the cloud-based computing system is designed only to establish feasibility of the paradigm, followed by improvement of computational modeling algorithms. The data that is collected will add to the investigators' existing unique catalogue of multimodal (structural, clinical, and electrophysiologic) data.

The importance of this novel paradigm is to move from analyzing large volumes of data in isolation to creating a mobile platform, and to allow scalability to increase access, such as to underdeveloped medical centers.

Study Design

Conditions

Atrial Fibrillation

Location

Stanford University
Stanford
California
United States
94305

Status

Recruiting

Source

Stanford University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-21T12:45:35-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Rapid, irregular atrial contractions caused by a block of electrical impulse conduction in the right atrium and a reentrant wave front traveling up the inter-atrial septum and down the right atrial free wall or vice versa. Unlike ATRIAL FIBRILLATION which is caused by abnormal impulse generation, typical atrial flutter is caused by abnormal impulse conduction. As in atrial fibrillation, patients with atrial flutter cannot effectively pump blood into the lower chambers of the heart (HEART VENTRICLES).

Long-term changes in the electrophysiological parameters and/or anatomical structures of the HEART ATRIA that result from prolonged changes in atrial rate, often associated with ATRIAL FIBRILLATION or long periods of intense EXERCISE.

A cardiotonic glycoside obtained mainly from Digitalis lanata; it consists of three sugars and the aglycone DIGOXIGENIN. Digoxin has positive inotropic and negative chronotropic activity. It is used to control ventricular rate in ATRIAL FIBRILLATION and in the management of congestive heart failure with atrial fibrillation. Its use in congestive heart failure and sinus rhythm is less certain. The margin between toxic and therapeutic doses is small. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p666)

Impaired or delayed impulse conduction between the right and left HEART ATRIA. Advanced interatrial blocks are often associated with arrhythmias (e.g., ATRIAL FLUTTER; and ATRIAL FIBRILLATION), direct conduction block via the Bachmann's bundle and concomitant left atrial enlargement. Syndrome of advanced interatrial block associated with SUPRAVENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA is referred to as Bayes syndrome.

A THROMBIN inhibitor which acts by binding and blocking thrombogenic activity and the prevention of thrombus formation. It is used to reduce the risk of stroke and systemic EMBOLISM in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation.

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