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Adjuvant 6 Cycles of Docetaxel and Cyclophosphamide or 3 Cycles of Cyclophosphamide/Epirubicin/Fluorouracil Followed by 3 Cycles of Docetaxel Versus 4 Cycles of Epirubicin and Cyclophosphamide Followed by Weekly Paclitaxel in Operable Breast Cancer (MATTE

2019-10-21 12:45:37 | BioPortfolio

Summary

We aimed to evaluate the noninferiority of a short-term anthracycline-free chemotherapy (TC, six cycles of docetaxel and cyclophosphamide) or a short-term anthracycline-based chemotherapy (CEF-T, three cycles of cyclophosphamide/epirubicin/fluorouracil followed by three cycles of docetaxel) to a standard anthracycline/taxane-containing chemotherapy (EC-P, epirubicin and cyclophosphamide for four cycles followed by paclitaxel for twelve weeks) in operable breast cancer.

Description

It was initiated as an adjuvant chemotherapy trial in 2010 to test noninferiority of an anthracycline-free short-term regimen (T75C600 x 6 [TC] once every 3 weeks) or a short-term regimen (C500E100F500 x 3 once every 3 weeks followed by T100 x 3 every 3 weeks [CEF-T]) compared with a standard long-term anthracycline-containing regimen (E90C600 x 4 once every 3 weeks followed by P80 x 12 once every week [EC-P]). Patients were randomly assigned (1:1:1) to each arm after completing surgical excision of primary tumor. Trastuzumab was administered in combination with chemotherapy to patients with HER2-positive breast cancer and sustained monotherapy to 12 months

Study Design

Conditions

Primary Breast Cancer

Intervention

Paclitaxel, Docetaxel, Cyclophosphamide, epirubicin, 5-fluorouracil

Status

Completed

Source

Fudan University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-21T12:45:37-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A deoxycytidine derivative and fluorouracil PRODRUG that is used as an ANTINEOPLASTIC ANTIMETABOLITE in the treatment of COLON CANCER; BREAST CANCER and GASTRIC CANCER.

Abnormal accumulation of lymph in the arm, shoulder and breast area associated with surgical or radiation breast cancer treatments (e.g., MASTECTOMY).

Metastatic breast cancer characterized by EDEMA and ERYTHEMA of the affected breast due to LYMPHATIC METASTASIS and eventual obstruction of LYMPHATIC VESSELS by the cancer cells.

Precursor of an alkylating nitrogen mustard antineoplastic and immunosuppressive agent that must be activated in the LIVER to form the active aldophosphamide. It has been used in the treatment of LYMPHOMA and LEUKEMIA. Its side effect, ALOPECIA, has been used for defleecing sheep. Cyclophosphamide may also cause sterility, birth defects, mutations, and cancer.

A infiltrating (invasive) breast cancer, relatively uncommon, accounting for only 5%-10% of breast tumors in most series. It is often an area of ill-defined thickening in the breast, in contrast to the dominant lump characteristic of ductal carcinoma. It is typically composed of small cells in a linear arrangement with a tendency to grow around ducts and lobules. There is likelihood of axillary nodal involvement with metastasis to meningeal and serosal surfaces. (DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p1205)

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