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Vitamin A Treatment in Septic Children With Vitamin A Deficiency

2019-10-21 12:45:30 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The prevalence of vitamin A deficiency was found high in children with sepsis. Whether those patients will benefit from the vitamin A supplementation is unknown.

Description

It was reported that the prevalence of vitamin A deficiency was highly as 58% in critically ill children with sepsis. However, whether those patients will benefit from the vitamin A supplementation is unknown. We design an randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multi-center trial to investigate the effect of vitamin A supplementation on the outcome of critically ill children with sepsis.

Study Design

Conditions

Vitamin A Deficiency

Intervention

Vitamin A, Oil

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

West China Hospital

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-21T12:45:30-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN D in the diet, insufficient production of vitamin D in the skin, inadequate absorption of vitamin D from the diet, or abnormal conversion of vitamin D to its bioactive metabolites. It is manifested clinically as RICKETS in children and OSTEOMALACIA in adults. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1406)

A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN E in the diet, characterized by posterior column and spinocerebellar tract abnormalities, areflexia, ophthalmoplegia, and disturbances of gait, proprioception, and vibration. In premature infants vitamin E deficiency is associated with hemolytic anemia, thrombocytosis, edema, intraventricular hemorrhage, and increasing risk of retrolental fibroplasia and bronchopulmonary dysplasia. An apparent inborn error of vitamin E metabolism, named familial isolated vitamin E deficiency, has recently been identified. (Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1181)

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A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN A in the diet, characterized by NIGHT BLINDNESS and other ocular manifestations such as dryness of the conjunctiva and later of the cornea (XEROPHTHALMIA). Vitamin A deficiency is a very common problem worldwide, particularly in developing countries as a consequence of famine or shortages of vitamin A-rich foods. In the United States it is found among the urban poor, the elderly, alcoholics, and patients with malabsorption. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1179)

A lipid cofactor that is required for normal blood clotting. Several forms of vitamin K have been identified: VITAMIN K 1 (phytomenadione) derived from plants, VITAMIN K 2 (menaquinone) from bacteria, and synthetic naphthoquinone provitamins, VITAMIN K 3 (menadione). Vitamin K 3 provitamins, after being alkylated in vivo, exhibit the antifibrinolytic activity of vitamin K. Green leafy vegetables, liver, cheese, butter, and egg yolk are good sources of vitamin K.

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