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Acute Kidney Injury in Major Abdominal Surgery: Retrospective Study of 501 Patients

2019-10-23 13:11:50 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Retrospective study that aims to examine the presence of acute kidney injury (AKI) during major abdominal surgery, non- cardiac surgery. Using clinical and biochemical data in order to establish AKI frequency and risk factors.

Description

Ethical approval was submitted and approved by the regional ethical committee, Etisk prövningsnämnd Uppsala, # 2017/418.

Patients were selected from the time span of april 2016 to september 2017. The investigators identified 499 patients that had undergone any of the selected procedures. The procedures were, pancreatic resection, HIPEC surgery in colorectal setting, gynecological debulking in metastasized ovarian cancer, and liver resection.

The risk of acute kidney injury (AKI) by the KDIGO definition during the postoperative period will be estimated in the group as a whole, and for each type of surgery separately. In addition the data will be stratified by sex to investigate systematic gender disparities or physiological differences. Length of stay, thirty day and sixty day mortality will secondary endpoints.

Study Design

Conditions

Acute Kidney Injury

Status

Completed

Source

Uppsala University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-23T13:11:50-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Abrupt reduction in kidney function defined as an absolute increase in serum CREATININE of more than or equal to 0.3. mg/dl, a percentage increase in serum creatinine of more than or equal to 50%, or a reduction in urine output. Acute kidney injury encompasses the entire spectrum of the syndrome including acute kidney failure; ACUTE KIDNEY TUBULAR NECROSIS; and other less severe conditions.

Acute kidney failure resulting from destruction of EPITHELIAL CELLS of the KIDNEY TUBULES. It is commonly attributed to exposure to toxic agents or renal ISCHEMIA following severe TRAUMA.

A severe irreversible decline in the ability of kidneys to remove wastes, concentrate URINE, and maintain ELECTROLYTE BALANCE; BLOOD PRESSURE; and CALCIUM metabolism. Renal failure, either acute (KIDNEY FAILURE, ACUTE) or chronic (KIDNEY FAILURE, CHRONIC), requires HEMODIALYSIS.

A rare but serious transfusion-related reaction in which fluid builds up in the lungs unrelated to excessively high infusion rate and/or volume (TRANSFUSION-ASSOCIATED CIRCULATORY OVERLOAD). Signs of Transfusion-Related Acute Lung Injury include pulmonary secretions; hypotension; fever; DYSPNEA; TACHYPNEA; TACHYCARDIA; and CYANOSIS.

A complication of kidney diseases characterized by cell death involving KIDNEY PAPILLA in the KIDNEY MEDULLA. Damages to this area may hinder the kidney to concentrate urine resulting in POLYURIA. Sloughed off necrotic tissue may block KIDNEY PELVIS or URETER. Necrosis of multiple renal papillae can lead to KIDNEY FAILURE.

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