Processing of Music in Alzheimer Patients

2019-10-24 12:49:36 | BioPortfolio


Correlation of musicality, brain atrophy in brain areas relevant for music processing and the stage of Alzheimer´s disease.


Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia accounting for 60-70% of all dementias. In most cases the cause for AD is unknown. The progression of AD is characterized by an advancing decline in cognitive skills and symptoms like impaired learning, memory deficits, language impairment and behavioral disturbances in later stages. The symptoms of AD are caused by cerebral atrophy which is the consequence of multiple pathological processes, including the formation of neurofibrillary tangles at neurites and amyloid plaques in the walls of cerebral blood vessels. AD is a major public health issue and its significance increases as the population grows older.

Music is thought to have preceded the development of spoken language as a form of communication and it has been used for therapeutic purposes in many ways throughout history. In patients with AD, musical memory has been noticed to be well-preserved and constituting a relatively independent part of memory. Music-based neurological rehabilitation provides a mode of treatment, which is free of side effects and can be personalized for patients with dementia.

Aims of this study are to examine how AD affects the structure of various brain areas associated with music processing and to statistically correlate musical cognition with memory performance in patients with AD. Focus is on brain areas associated with musical pleasure like the striatum, superior temporal gyrus, inferior frontal gyrus and areas associated with long-term musical memory like the anterior cingulate gyrus and presupplementary motor area. Hippocampal atrophy serves as a reference of the stage of AD. Our working hypothesis is that musicality correlates with preserved cognitive skills and memory.

Voluntary participants who have been diagnosed with AD are recruited from Turku University Central Hospital. Their musicality is assessed with a short version of Montreal Battery of Evaluation of Amusia which contains listening tasks that test the patients' memory, rhythm recognition and pitch discrimination. In addition, patients are asked to fill an inquiry that maps their use of music and its significance in their daily lives. Voxel-Based Morphometry is applied on MRI images to evaluate atrophy in the hippocampus and entorhinal cortex, which correlate with clinical stages of AD, as well as on the brain areas relevant for processing of music.

Study Design


Alzheimer Disease


Not yet recruiting


Turku University Hospital

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-24T12:49:36-0400

Clinical Trials [1147 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Dominantly Inherited Alzheimer Network (DIAN)

The purpose of this study is to identify potential biomarkers that may predict the development of Alzheimer's disease in people who carry an Alzheimer's mutation.

Imaging Inflammation in Alzheimer's Disease With 11C-ER176

This study is being done to learn about inflammation in the brain of those with Alzheimer's disease (AD). The purpose of this study is to determine if 11C-ER176 is able to accurately measu...

Blood Biomarker of Alzheimer's Disease (AD)

Currently, no cures or disease modifying therapies exist for Alzheimer's disease (AD). This is partially due to the inability to detect the disease before it has progressed to a stage wher...

Biodistribution of [11C]PIB in Patients With Risk Factors for Alzheimer's Disease

Participants enrolled in the Alzheimer's Disease Clinical Core at Wake Forest School of Medicine will be invited to take part in this study. The purpose of this study is to identify and me...

Effect of Choline Alphoscerate on Cognitive Function in Alzheimer's Dementia

This study will evaluate the performance of Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale-cognitive subscale (ADAS-cog) in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD).

PubMed Articles [15236 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Tau Aggregation Correlates with Amyloid Deposition in Both Mild Cognitive Impairment and Alzheimer's Disease Subjects.

Amyloid plaque and tau-containing neurofibrillary tangles are important features of Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the relationship between these processes is still debated.

A pilot study of exenatide actions in Alzheimer's disease.

Strong preclinical evidence suggests that exenatide, a glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonist used for treating type 2 diabetes, is neuroprotective and disease- modifying in Alzheimer's dise...

"Like He's a Kid": Relationality, Family Caregiving, and Alzheimer's Disease.

Spousal caregivers draw upon understandings of shifting relationality to maintain a familial understanding of their spouse with Alzheimer's disease. Working through what it means to think of an adult ...

Cognitive Decline and Alzheimer's Disease in Old Age: A Sex-Specific "Cytokinome Signature".

Elevated peripheral levels of different cytokines and chemokines in subjects with Alzheimer's disease (AD), as compared with healthy controls (HC), have emphasized the role of inflammation in such a d...

Real-world evidence in Alzheimer's disease: The ROADMAP Data Cube.

The ROADMAP project aimed to provide an integrated overview of European real-world data on Alzheimer's disease (AD) across the disease spectrum.

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Abnormal structures located chiefly in distal dendrites and, along with NEUROFIBRILLARY TANGLES and SENILE PLAQUES, constitute the three morphological hallmarks of ALZHEIMER DISEASE. Neuropil threads are made up of straight and paired helical filaments which consist of abnormally phosphorylated microtubule-associated tau proteins. It has been suggested that the threads have a major role in the cognitive impairment seen in Alzheimer disease.

Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent or treat ALZHEIMER DISEASE.

A progressive form of dementia characterized by the global loss of language abilities and initial preservation of other cognitive functions. Fluent and nonfluent subtypes have been described. Eventually a pattern of global cognitive dysfunction, similar to ALZHEIMER DISEASE, emerges. Pathologically, there are no Alzheimer or PICK DISEASE like changes, however, spongiform changes of cortical layers II and III are present in the TEMPORAL LOBE and FRONTAL LOBE. (From Brain 1998 Jan;121(Pt 1):115-26)

A carbamate-derived reversible CHOLINESTERASE INHIBITOR that is selective for the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM and is used for the treatment of DEMENTIA in ALZHEIMER DISEASE and PARKINSON DISEASE.

A biochemical phenomenon in which misfolded proteins aggregate either intra- or extracellularly. Triggered by factors such as MUTATION, POST-TRANSLATIONAL MODIFICATIONS, and environmental stress, it is generally associated with ALZHEIMER DISEASE; PARKINSON DISEASE; HUNTINGTON DISEASE; and TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS.

More From BioPortfolio on "Processing of Music in Alzheimer Patients"

Quick Search

Relevant Topics

Alzheimer's Disease
Of all the types of Dementia, Alzheimer's disease is the most common, affecting around 465,000 people in the UK. Neurons in the brain die, becuase  'plaques' and 'tangles' (mis-folded proteins) form in the brain. People with Al...

Neurology - Central Nervous System (CNS)
Alzheimer's Disease Anesthesia Anxiety Disorders Autism Bipolar Disorders Dementia Epilepsy Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Neurology Pain Parkinson's Disease Sleep Disorders Neurology is the branch of me...

Dementia describes a range of symptoms of cognitive decline. For example memory loss, problems with reasoning and communication skills, and a reduction in a person's abilities and skills in carrying out daily activities. There are about 820,000 peo...

Searches Linking to this Trial