Prevention of Hypothermia During Caesarean Section: Continuous Core Temperature Monitoring With Zero-heat-flux

2019-10-24 12:49:37 | BioPortfolio


Nowadays, caesarean sections account for about 7% of all surgical procedures worldwide. Over 30% of the patients undergoing a caesarean section experience a fall of the body core temperature under 36°C during the procedure. Following a retrospective case-control design, this study aims to examine the magnitude of hypothermia in the parturient and newborn population as well as the impact and efficiency of forced-air warming on preventing it. The researchers plan to conduct a before-and-after retrospective analysis of the caesarean section treatment protocol at our institution over a period of 5 months including approximately 300 patients who underwent both elective and emergency caesarean sections.


This research seeks to address the necessity of standardizing the use of forced-air warming and monitoring the maternal temperature during caesarean sections. We will also examine the impact of the maternal hypothermia on the newborn temperatures at the time of partus and also 2 hours after birth. The key research question of this study is whether the use of forced-air warming will significantly lower the hypothermia rates and account for a faster temperature recovery in our parturient patients.

A major contribution of our research is that it provides modern high-resolution, continuous and user-error free thermometry. This is achieved through zero-heat-flux technology and automatically recorded by data-loggers. Also, the heterogeneity of our study population, which has not been attended in previous studies, corresponds to the clinical reality of the most obstetric clinics.

This research could provide new information about the necessity of standardizing the use of forced-air warming and monitoring the maternal temperature during caesarean sections, in the concept of bonding the babies to the mother's chest immediately after birth, and derive practical implications on the efficiency of intraoperative warming for the standard clinical routine of the majority of the obstetric clinics.

Study Design


Inadvertent Perioperative Hypothermia


Convective Forced-Air Active Warming


St. Marien Hospital


Active, not recruiting


St. Marien-Hospital Düren

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-24T12:49:37-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Measure of the maximum amount of air that can be expelled in a given number of seconds during a FORCED VITAL CAPACITY determination . It is usually given as FEV followed by a subscript indicating the number of seconds over which the measurement is made, although it is sometimes given as a percentage of forced vital capacity.

The rate of airflow measured during a FORCED VITAL CAPACITY determination.

Abnormally low BODY TEMPERATURE that is intentionally induced in warm-blooded animals by artificial means. In humans, mild or moderate hypothermia has been used to reduce tissue damages, particularly after cardiac or spinal cord injuries and during subsequent surgeries.

Exercises that stretch the muscle fibers with the aim to increase muscle-tendon FLEXIBILITY, improve RANGE OF MOTION or musculoskeletal function, and prevent injuries. There are various types of stretching techniques including active, passive (relaxed), static, dynamic (gentle), ballistic (forced), isometric, and others.

The time periods immediately before, during and following a surgical operation.

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