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Electrical Velocimetry (ICON Cardiometry ) Assessment of Hemodynamic Changes During Pediatric Thoracoscopic Surgery

2019-10-24 12:49:50 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Advances in endoscopic equipment and technique have led to the use of minimally invasive thoracic surgery in an increasing number of pediatric surgical procedures. Logically, thoracoscopic surgery and anesthesia can induce significant physiologic changes,, derangements of normal respiratory physiology induced by the surgical approach and the installation of carbon dioxide into the thoracic cavity can lead to alterations of normal acid-base status. Finally, surgical procedures in the chest, surgical traction or insufflation pressures impairs venous return and/or cardiac function, especially in neonates and infants. In this study Electrical Cardiometry TM (ICON, Cardiotronic/Osypka Medical, Inc., La Jolla CA, USA) is used assess the effect of different intra-thoracic pressure (insufflation pressures 4,5 & 6 mmHg) during thoracoscopic surgeries in neonates and infants on hemodynamics using electrical velocimetry (ICON) as non-invasive monitoring technique.

Study Design

Conditions

Hemodynamics

Intervention

Cardiotronic ICON continuous non-invasive cardiac output monitor.

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Cairo University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-24T12:49:50-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A state of elevated cardiac output due to conditions of either increased hemodynamic demand or reduced cardiac oxygen output. These conditions may include ANEMIA; ARTERIOVENOUS FISTULA; THYROTOXICOSIS; PREGNANCY; EXERCISE; FEVER; and ANOXIA. In time, compensatory changes of the heart can lead to pathological form of high cardiac output and eventual HEART FAILURE.

A state of subnormal or depressed cardiac output at rest or during stress. It is a characteristic of CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES, including congenital, valvular, rheumatic, hypertensive, coronary, and cardiomyopathic. The serious form of low cardiac output is characterized by marked reduction in STROKE VOLUME, and systemic vasoconstriction resulting in cold, pale, and sometimes cyanotic extremities.

A condition of fainting spells caused by heart block, often an atrioventricular block, that leads to BRADYCARDIA and drop in CARDIAC OUTPUT. When the cardiac output becomes too low, the patient faints (SYNCOPE). In some cases, the syncope attacks are transient and in others cases repetitive and persistent.

Compression of the heart by accumulated fluid (PERICARDIAL EFFUSION) or blood (HEMOPERICARDIUM) in the PERICARDIUM surrounding the heart. The affected cardiac functions and CARDIAC OUTPUT can range from minimal to total hemodynamic collapse.

A potentially lethal cardiac arrhythmia that is characterized by uncoordinated extremely rapid firing of electrical impulses (400-600/min) in HEART VENTRICLES. Such asynchronous ventricular quivering or fibrillation prevents any effective cardiac output and results in unconsciousness (SYNCOPE). It is one of the major electrocardiographic patterns seen with CARDIAC ARREST.

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