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Nurse-led Continuum of Care for People With Diabetes and Pre-diabetes in Nepal

2019-10-24 12:49:52 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The study aims to improve diabetes prevention, access to care and advocacy through a novel cost-effective nurse-led continuum of care approach that incorporates diabetes prevention, awareness, screening and management for low-income settings, and furthermore utilizes the endeavor to advocate for establishing standard diabetes program in Nepal.

Description

The purpose of this study will be to improve diabetes prevention, access to care and advocacy through a novel cost-effective nurse-led continuum of care approach that incorporates diabetes prevention, awareness, screening and management for low-income settings, and furthermore utilizes the endeavor to advocate for establishing standard diabetes program in Nepal.

We will conduct a two-arm, open-masked stratified cluster randomized controlled trial of a NUrse-led COntinuum of care for people with diabetes and pre-diabetes (NUCOD), with primary care centers (Outreach centers and Government health posts) as a unit of randomization. NUCOD will be delivered through the trained diabetes nurses in the community to the intervention group and the outcomes will be compared to the enhanced usual-treatment group at 6 and 12 months of the intervention. The primary outcome will be change in glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) level among diabetes and progression to type 2 diabetes among pre-diabetes, and implementation outcomes measured using the RE-AIM (reach, effectiveness, adoption, implementation, and maintenance) framework. Outcomes will be analyzed on an intention to treat basis.

The results of this trial will provide information about the effectiveness of the NUCOD program in improving clinical outcomes for diabetes and pre-diabetes individuals, and implementation outcomes for the organization.

Study Design

Conditions

Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2

Intervention

Nurse-led Continuum of Care

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Kathmandu University School of Medical Sciences

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-24T12:49:52-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.

The time period before the development of symptomatic diabetes. For example, certain risk factors can be observed in subjects who subsequently develop INSULIN RESISTANCE as in type 2 diabetes (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 2).

A subtype of DIABETES MELLITUS that is characterized by INSULIN deficiency. It is manifested by the sudden onset of severe HYPERGLYCEMIA, rapid progression to DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS, and DEATH unless treated with insulin. The disease may occur at any age, but is most common in childhood or adolescence.

A type of diabetes mellitus that is characterized by severe INSULIN RESISTANCE and LIPODYSTROPHY. The latter may be generalized, partial, acquired, or congenital (LIPODYSTROPHY, CONGENITAL GENERALIZED).

A life-threatening complication of diabetes mellitus, primarily of TYPE 1 DIABETES MELLITUS with severe INSULIN deficiency and extreme HYPERGLYCEMIA. It is characterized by excessive LIPOLYSIS, oxidation of FATTY ACIDS, production of KETONE BODIES, a sweet smell to the breath (KETOSIS;) DEHYDRATION; and depressed consciousness leading to COMA.

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