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Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) tended to lead to a sudden increase in intracerebral pressure (ICP), which can cause decreased cerebral perfusion and transient global cerebral ischemia. Early clipping and coiling of aneurysms and surgical evacuation of intracerebral hematoma were recommended for aSAH patients. However, the high ICP made it difficult to separate the subarachnoid space during the operation. Effective reduction of ICP was the key to the succession of the operation. But there is a lack of consensus on the management of raised ICP in aSAH. Mannitol is widely used to reduce ICP in patients with cerebral edema. The potential mechanism including decreasing the viscosity of the blood improving regional cerebral microvascular flow and oxygenation and increasing intravascular volume due to increased plasma osmolality. The magnitude of the pressure reduction was correlated with the intact intracranial automatic adjustment function. However, the hypochloremic metabolic alkalosis, hypernatremia, hypokalemia and renal failure associated with mannitol overdose must be considered and the effective dose and the duration of its administration were still unknown. The aims of this study were to determine the most appropriate mannitol dose to provide adequate brain relaxation in aSAH patients with the fewest adverse effects.
Capital Medical University Affiliated Beijing Tiantan Hospital
Beijing Tiantan Hospital
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-28T13:57:16-0400
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The prevalence and clinical implications of prolonged cerebral vasospasm in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage are unknown.
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Bleeding into the intracranial or spinal SUBARACHNOID SPACE, most resulting from INTRACRANIAL ANEURYSM rupture. It can occur after traumatic injuries (SUBARACHNOID HEMORRHAGE, TRAUMATIC). Clinical features include HEADACHE; NAUSEA; VOMITING, nuchal rigidity, variable neurological deficits and reduced mental status.
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Phosphoric acid esters of mannitol.
Sugar alcohol dehydrogenases that have specificity for MANNITOL. Enzymes in this category are generally classified according to their preference for a specific reducing cofactor.
Inflammation of the coverings of the brain and/or spinal cord, which consist of the PIA MATER; ARACHNOID; and DURA MATER. Infections (viral, bacterial, and fungal) are the most common causes of this condition, but subarachnoid hemorrhage (HEMORRHAGES, SUBARACHNOID), chemical irritation (chemical MENINGITIS), granulomatous conditions, neoplastic conditions (CARCINOMATOUS MENINGITIS), and other inflammatory conditions may produce this syndrome. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1994, Ch24, p6)
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Nephrology - kidney function
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