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Correlation of Atrial Fibrillation Recurrence After Bipolar Radiofrequency Ablation With microRNA Expression

2019-10-28 13:57:22 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The recurrence rate of atrial fibrillation (AF) after bipolar radiofrequency ablation was about 30%. Besides the factors, left atrium diameter, the duration of AF, NT-proBNP, and ejection fraction(EF), some studies demonstrated that the specific microRNA expression (miRNA1, miRNA19,miRNA23, miRNA409 ) showed the significant change in AF patients compared with normal sinus patients, who underwent catheter ablation. Therefore, the correlation of atrial fibrillation recurrence and above-mentioned microRNA after bipolar radiofrequency ablation remained unclear, although bipolar radiofrequency ablation had high rate of sinus.

Description

Numerous studies identify specific microRNA (miRNA) expression profiles associated with atrial fibrillation (AF), changes in plasmamiRNA expression in pre-and post-operativeAFpatients who have received catheterisation . The correlation of atrial fibrillation recurrence and above-mentioned microRNA after bipolar radiofrequency ablation remain poorly characterized.

This study aimed to reveal disease-related biomarkers by detecting plasmamiRNA expression in AF patients, and examining the levels of AF-specific miRNAs in patients after bipolar radiofrequency ablation, in order to help gauge therapeutic effects and assess prognosis.

A total of 50 Han Chinese patients with AF who had received bipolar radiofrequency ablation recruited to the study. Atrial fibrillation-specific plasma miRNAs were detected by sequencing and quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. According to AF recurrence rate of about 30%, the expression levels of AF-specific miRNAs were investigated in15 post-operative AF patients and 35 patients with normal sinus after ablation,to explore changes in miRNA expression.

Study Design

Conditions

Atrial Fibrillation

Intervention

radiofrequency ablation

Location

Henan Provincial People' Hospital
Zhengzhou
Henan
China
450003

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Henan Institute of Cardiovascular Epidemiology

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-28T13:57:22-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Rapid, irregular atrial contractions caused by a block of electrical impulse conduction in the right atrium and a reentrant wave front traveling up the inter-atrial septum and down the right atrial free wall or vice versa. Unlike ATRIAL FIBRILLATION which is caused by abnormal impulse generation, typical atrial flutter is caused by abnormal impulse conduction. As in atrial fibrillation, patients with atrial flutter cannot effectively pump blood into the lower chambers of the heart (HEART VENTRICLES).

Long-term changes in the electrophysiological parameters and/or anatomical structures of the HEART ATRIA that result from prolonged changes in atrial rate, often associated with ATRIAL FIBRILLATION or long periods of intense EXERCISE.

A cardiotonic glycoside obtained mainly from Digitalis lanata; it consists of three sugars and the aglycone DIGOXIGENIN. Digoxin has positive inotropic and negative chronotropic activity. It is used to control ventricular rate in ATRIAL FIBRILLATION and in the management of congestive heart failure with atrial fibrillation. Its use in congestive heart failure and sinus rhythm is less certain. The margin between toxic and therapeutic doses is small. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p666)

Impaired or delayed impulse conduction between the right and left HEART ATRIA. Advanced interatrial blocks are often associated with arrhythmias (e.g., ATRIAL FLUTTER; and ATRIAL FIBRILLATION), direct conduction block via the Bachmann's bundle and concomitant left atrial enlargement. Syndrome of advanced interatrial block associated with SUPRAVENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA is referred to as Bayes syndrome.

The application, via IMPLANTED ELECTRODES, of short bursts of electrical energy in the radiofrequency range, interspersed with pauses in delivery of the current long enough to dissipate the generated heat and avoid heat-induced tissue necrosis.

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