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Early Versus Late Intervention After Biliary Tract Injury Post Cholecystectomy

2019-10-28 13:57:24 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Bile duct injury following cholecystectomy is an iatrogenic catastrophe associated with significant peri operative morbidity and mortality(1, 2) reduced long term survival(3) and quality of life(4, 5) and high rates of subsequent litigation6. It should be regarded as preventable.

The advent of laparoscopic cholecystectomy has resulted in a resurgence of interest in bile duct injury and its subsequent management. Population based studies(6.7) suggest a significant increase in the incidence of injury (0•1 to 0•5 per cent) following the implementation of the laparoscopic approach(8) Bile duct injury should be regarded as preventable, but over 70 per cent of surgeons regard it as unavoidable(9). Although most injuries occur within the surgeon's first 100 laparoscopic cholecystectomies, one third happen after the surgeon has performed more than 200; it is more than inexperience that leads to bile duct injury(10). It has been suggested that the commonest cause of common bile duct injury is misidentification of biliary anatomy (70-80 per cent of injuries)(11,12),a reduction in risk if surgeons perform routine intraoperative cholangiography Recognition of bile duct injury at the time of cholecystectomy allows an opportunity for the hepatobiliary surgeon to assess its severity and the presence of any vascular injury

Description

Bile duct injury following cholecystectomy is an iatrogenic catastrophe associated with significant peri operative morbidity and mortality(1, 2) reduced long term survival(3) and quality of life(4, 5) and high rates of subsequent litigation6. It should be regarded as preventable.

The advent of laparoscopic cholecystectomy has resulted in a resurgence of interest in bile duct injury and its subsequent management. Population based studies(6.7) suggest a significant increase in the incidence of injury (0•1 to 0•5 per cent) following the implementation of the laparoscopic approach(8) Bile duct injury should be regarded as preventable, but over 70 per cent of surgeons regard it as unavoidable(9). Although most injuries occur within the surgeon's first 100 laparoscopic cholecystectomies, one third happen after the surgeon has performed more than 200; it is more than inexperience that leads to bile duct injury(10). It has been suggested that the commonest cause of common bile duct injury is misidentification of biliary anatomy (70-80 per cent of injuries)(11,12),a reduction in risk if surgeons perform routine intraoperative cholangiography Recognition of bile duct injury at the time of cholecystectomy allows an opportunity for the hepatobiliary surgeon to assess its severity and the presence of any vascular injury

Study Design

Conditions

Biliary Fistula

Intervention

CBD exoloration

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Assiut University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-28T13:57:24-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Abnormal passage in any organ of the biliary tract or between biliary organs and other organs.

An abnormal anatomical passage between the INTESTINE, and another segment of the intestine or other organs. External intestinal fistula is connected to the SKIN (enterocutaneous fistula). Internal intestinal fistula can be connected to a number of organs, such as STOMACH (gastrocolic fistula), the BILIARY TRACT (cholecystoduodenal fistula), or the URINARY BLADDER of the URINARY TRACT (colovesical fistula). Risk factors include inflammatory processes, cancer, radiation treatment, and surgical misadventures (MEDICAL ERRORS).

An abnormal anatomical passage that connects the VAGINA to other organs, such as the bladder (VESICOVAGINAL FISTULA) or the rectum (RECTOVAGINAL FISTULA).

Chronic inflammatory disease of the BILIARY TRACT. It is characterized by fibrosis and hardening of the intrahepatic and extrahepatic biliary ductal systems leading to bile duct strictures, CHOLESTASIS, and eventual BILIARY CIRRHOSIS.

A fistula between the maxillary sinus and the oral cavity.

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