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The aim of this Phase 2 study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of nivolumab, an anti-PD-1 antibody, and ipilimumab, an anti-CTLA-4 antibody, in T1aN0M0 clear-cell RCC patients ineligible for surgical treatment.
Surgery remains the standard curative-intent therapy for localized renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Thus, systemic therapy for RCC should still be considered only in patients who have contraindications to surgery.
Results of Phase 3 CheckMate 214 study showed that a combination of nivolumab and ipilimumab has a significant impact on tumor burden in intermediate- and poor-risk metastatic RCC patients with a complete response rate of 11% (Motzer et al. Lancet Oncology 2019). Median time to objective response was 2.8 months. Among all complete responders to nivolumab plus ipilimumab in the intention-to-treat population, 5% achieved a complete response at the first scan, whereas most converted from the partial response at a median of 6.9 months or from the stable disease at a median of 11.3 months.
We hypothesize that this combination could completely eliminate primary tumors in patients with small primary (less than 4 cm) ineligible for surgical treatment. There are no studies evaluating checkpoint inhibitors in this setting in RCC patients.
Renal Cell Carcinoma
Central Clinical Hospital of the Presidential Administration of the Russian Federation
Active, not recruiting
Kidney Cancer Research Bureau
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-28T13:57:27-0400
The purpose of the study is to assess the effectiveness of re-induction with Nivolumab combined with ipilimumab.
Immunotherapy with checkpoint inhibitors that target PD-1 and CTLA-4 have shown activity in mRCC. However, the optimal schedule of the combination therapy has yet to be defined. The objec...
This is a Phase II, open-label, safety, pharmacodynamic and efficacy study of entinostat in combination with nivolumab and ipilimumab in subjects with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC)...
Phase II trial of nivolumab in 120 treatment naïve patients with ccRCC.
The purpose of this study is to determine whether the combination of nivolumab and ipilimumab is safe and effective for delaying or preventing recurrence of cancer in patients who have exp...
In metastatic renal-cell carcinoma (mRCC), recent data have shown efficacy of first-line ipilimumab and nivolumab (ipi-nivo) as well as immuno-oncology (IO)/vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) i...
BACKGROUND Nivolumab is approved for the treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC). However, traditional overall survival (OS) or progression-free survival (PFS) do not reflect patient prognosi...
CheckMate 032 is an open-label, multicohort study that includes patients with unresectable locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma (mUC) treated with nivolumab 3 mg/kg monotherapy every 2 ...
Peritoneal dissemination or metastasis is a relatively rare presentation of renal cell carcinoma. We report four cases of advanced renal cell carcinoma with peritoneal metastases treated with nivoluma...
A heterogeneous group of sporadic or hereditary carcinoma derived from cells of the KIDNEYS. There are several subtypes including the clear cells, the papillary, the chromophobe, the collecting duct, the spindle cells (sarcomatoid), or mixed cell-type carcinoma.
An autosomal dominant disorder caused by mutations in a tumor suppressor gene. This syndrome is characterized by abnormal growth of small blood vessels leading to a host of neoplasms. They include HEMANGIOBLASTOMA in the RETINA; CEREBELLUM; and SPINAL CORD; PHEOCHROMOCYTOMA; pancreatic tumors; and renal cell carcinoma (see CARCINOMA, RENAL CELL). Common clinical signs include HYPERTENSION and neurological dysfunctions.
A heterogeneous aggregate of at least three distinct histological types of lung cancer, including SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA; ADENOCARCINOMA; and LARGE CELL CARCINOMA. They are dealt with collectively because of their shared treatment strategy.
A rare tumor of the female genital tract, most often the ovary, formerly considered to be derived from mesonephric rests. Two varieties are recognized: (1) clear cell carcinoma, so called because of its histologic resemblance to renal cell carcinoma, and now considered to be of muellerian duct derivation and (2) an embryonal tumor (called also ENDODERMAL SINUS TUMOR and yolk sac tumor), occurring chiefly in children. The latter variety may also arise in the testis. (Dorland, 27th ed)
A carcinoma arising from MERKEL CELLS located in the basal layer of the epidermis and occurring most commonly as a primary neuroendocrine carcinoma of the skin. Merkel cells are tactile cells of neuroectodermal origin and histologically show neurosecretory granules. The skin of the head and neck are a common site of Merkel cell carcinoma, occurring generally in elderly patients. (Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p1245)
An antibody is a protein produced by the body's immune system when it detects harmful substances, called antigens. Examples of antigens include microorganisms (such as bacteria, fungi, parasites, and viruses) and chemicals. Antibodies may be produc...
Monoclonal antibodies MAbs
Monoclonal antibodies recognise and attach to specific proteins produced by cells. Types of monoclonal antibodies used to treat cancer cells: Block cell dividing dividing signals Transport cancer drugs or radiation to cancer cells Tr...