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Nivolumab and Ipilimumab in T1aN0M0 Renal Cell Carcinoma Patients Ineligible for Surgical Treatment.

2019-10-28 13:57:27 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The aim of this Phase 2 study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of nivolumab, an anti-PD-1 antibody, and ipilimumab, an anti-CTLA-4 antibody, in T1aN0M0 clear-cell RCC patients ineligible for surgical treatment.

Description

Surgery remains the standard curative-intent therapy for localized renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Thus, systemic therapy for RCC should still be considered only in patients who have contraindications to surgery.

Results of Phase 3 CheckMate 214 study showed that a combination of nivolumab and ipilimumab has a significant impact on tumor burden in intermediate- and poor-risk metastatic RCC patients with a complete response rate of 11% (Motzer et al. Lancet Oncology 2019). Median time to objective response was 2.8 months. Among all complete responders to nivolumab plus ipilimumab in the intention-to-treat population, 5% achieved a complete response at the first scan, whereas most converted from the partial response at a median of 6.9 months or from the stable disease at a median of 11.3 months.

We hypothesize that this combination could completely eliminate primary tumors in patients with small primary (less than 4 cm) ineligible for surgical treatment. There are no studies evaluating checkpoint inhibitors in this setting in RCC patients.

Study Design

Conditions

Renal Cell Carcinoma

Intervention

Nivolumab, Ipilimumab

Location

Central Clinical Hospital of the Presidential Administration of the Russian Federation
Moscow
Russian Federation

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

Kidney Cancer Research Bureau

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-28T13:57:27-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A heterogeneous group of sporadic or hereditary carcinoma derived from cells of the KIDNEYS. There are several subtypes including the clear cells, the papillary, the chromophobe, the collecting duct, the spindle cells (sarcomatoid), or mixed cell-type carcinoma.

An autosomal dominant disorder caused by mutations in a tumor suppressor gene. This syndrome is characterized by abnormal growth of small blood vessels leading to a host of neoplasms. They include HEMANGIOBLASTOMA in the RETINA; CEREBELLUM; and SPINAL CORD; PHEOCHROMOCYTOMA; pancreatic tumors; and renal cell carcinoma (see CARCINOMA, RENAL CELL). Common clinical signs include HYPERTENSION and neurological dysfunctions.

A heterogeneous aggregate of at least three distinct histological types of lung cancer, including SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA; ADENOCARCINOMA; and LARGE CELL CARCINOMA. They are dealt with collectively because of their shared treatment strategy.

A rare tumor of the female genital tract, most often the ovary, formerly considered to be derived from mesonephric rests. Two varieties are recognized: (1) clear cell carcinoma, so called because of its histologic resemblance to renal cell carcinoma, and now considered to be of muellerian duct derivation and (2) an embryonal tumor (called also ENDODERMAL SINUS TUMOR and yolk sac tumor), occurring chiefly in children. The latter variety may also arise in the testis. (Dorland, 27th ed)

A carcinoma arising from MERKEL CELLS located in the basal layer of the epidermis and occurring most commonly as a primary neuroendocrine carcinoma of the skin. Merkel cells are tactile cells of neuroectodermal origin and histologically show neurosecretory granules. The skin of the head and neck are a common site of Merkel cell carcinoma, occurring generally in elderly patients. (Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p1245)

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