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Methadone Induced Memory Retrieval-extinction Procedure in Heroin Addicts

2019-10-28 13:57:28 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The study assessed the efficacy of a methadone-induced memory retrieval-extinction procedure on heroin craving and relapse. Male participants aged 18-55 years old and prescribed MMT to treat heroin dependence were included in the present study, and randomly assigned to receive methadone, or receive methadone plus 10 minutes plus extinction, or receive methadone plus 6 hours plus extinction. The intervention persisted 3 times per week for 4 weeks. Then the subjects were followed up once a month for cue induced heroin craving and relapse.

Description

In the present study, we explored the effect retrieval-extinction procedure on heroin craving and relapse in heroin addicts using the methadone (a commonly used µ-opioid receptor agonist) instead of heroin as the trigger to reactivate drug memories. The subjects were randomly divided into 3 groups, in which they received methadone alone or extinction sessions 10 min or 6 hours after methadone administration. The extinction sessions were given 3 times per week for 4 weeks, each lasted for 30 min. During the extinction procedure, the subjects were exposed to images, heroin paraphernalia and mimic heroin. Subjective craving, morphine urine test and physiological responses were recorded monthly for 4 months.

Study Design

Conditions

Heroin Dependence

Intervention

methadone induced memory retrieval-extinction procedure

Status

Completed

Source

National Institute on Drug Dependence, China

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-28T13:57:28-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

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A synthetic opioid that is used as the hydrochloride. It is an opioid analgesic that is primarily a mu-opioid agonist. It has actions and uses similar to those of MORPHINE. It also has a depressant action on the cough center and may be given to control intractable cough associated with terminal lung cancer. Methadone is also used as part of the treatment of dependence on opioid drugs, although prolonged use of methadone itself may result in dependence. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1082-3)

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