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Risk Factors Related to Postoperative Acute Kidney Injury in Elderly Patients Undergoing Total Hip Arthroplasty

2019-10-24 12:49:29 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Total hip arthroplasty refers to the replacement of the femoral head and acetabulum damaged by disease or trauma with an artificial hip joint, thereby restoring joint activity and original function. Acute kidney injury is a common complication after total hip arthroplasty. Previous studies have shown that the incidence of acute kidney injury after hip replacement is as high as 21.9%. Acute kidney injury has become a global safety issue, and the occurrence of acute kidney injury can lead to an increase in hospital stay, medical costs and increased risk of death.There is currently no global survey of the incidence of AKI, and only a number of studies have been conducted on specific patient groups (eg, inpatients, intensive care units [ICU] patients or children) due to differences in study design and definition of acute kidney injury.

Description

The incidence and prevalence of different studies vary widely, ranging from 0.32% to 44.30%. There are few studies on the risk factors associated with acute kidney injury after total hip arthroplasty, and early acute kidney injury is often overlooked due to the limitations of the current KDIGO-based diagnostic method. Therefore, it is particularly important for clinicians to understand the risk factors for postoperative acute kidney injury .

Study Design

Conditions

Acute Kidney Injury

Location

The Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University
Xuzhou
Jiangsu
China

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Xuzhou Medical University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-24T12:49:29-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Abrupt reduction in kidney function defined as an absolute increase in serum CREATININE of more than or equal to 0.3. mg/dl, a percentage increase in serum creatinine of more than or equal to 50%, or a reduction in urine output. Acute kidney injury encompasses the entire spectrum of the syndrome including acute kidney failure; ACUTE KIDNEY TUBULAR NECROSIS; and other less severe conditions.

Acute kidney failure resulting from destruction of EPITHELIAL CELLS of the KIDNEY TUBULES. It is commonly attributed to exposure to toxic agents or renal ISCHEMIA following severe TRAUMA.

A severe irreversible decline in the ability of kidneys to remove wastes, concentrate URINE, and maintain ELECTROLYTE BALANCE; BLOOD PRESSURE; and CALCIUM metabolism. Renal failure, either acute (KIDNEY FAILURE, ACUTE) or chronic (KIDNEY FAILURE, CHRONIC), requires HEMODIALYSIS.

A rare but serious transfusion-related reaction in which fluid builds up in the lungs unrelated to excessively high infusion rate and/or volume (TRANSFUSION-ASSOCIATED CIRCULATORY OVERLOAD). Signs of Transfusion-Related Acute Lung Injury include pulmonary secretions; hypotension; fever; DYSPNEA; TACHYPNEA; TACHYCARDIA; and CYANOSIS.

A complication of kidney diseases characterized by cell death involving KIDNEY PAPILLA in the KIDNEY MEDULLA. Damages to this area may hinder the kidney to concentrate urine resulting in POLYURIA. Sloughed off necrotic tissue may block KIDNEY PELVIS or URETER. Necrosis of multiple renal papillae can lead to KIDNEY FAILURE.

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