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Total hip arthroplasty refers to the replacement of the femoral head and acetabulum damaged by disease or trauma with an artificial hip joint, thereby restoring joint activity and original function. Acute kidney injury is a common complication after total hip arthroplasty. Previous studies have shown that the incidence of acute kidney injury after hip replacement is as high as 21.9%. Acute kidney injury has become a global safety issue, and the occurrence of acute kidney injury can lead to an increase in hospital stay, medical costs and increased risk of death.There is currently no global survey of the incidence of AKI, and only a number of studies have been conducted on specific patient groups (eg, inpatients, intensive care units [ICU] patients or children) due to differences in study design and definition of acute kidney injury.
The incidence and prevalence of different studies vary widely, ranging from 0.32% to 44.30%. There are few studies on the risk factors associated with acute kidney injury after total hip arthroplasty, and early acute kidney injury is often overlooked due to the limitations of the current KDIGO-based diagnostic method. Therefore, it is particularly important for clinicians to understand the risk factors for postoperative acute kidney injury .
Acute Kidney Injury
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Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-24T12:49:29-0400
Acute kidney injury is a complex clinical syndrome,associated with high short and long- term morbidity and mortality in critical ill patients.Acute kidney injury outcomes may vary from a c...
The study evaluates how outcome varies among critically ill patients with and without acute kidney injury. Data from the Swedish Intensive care register and other Swedish national register...
Acute kidney injury is one of major adverse postoperative complications. research about postoperative acute kidney injury conclude that low preoperative albumin and intraoperative hypotens...
Acute kidney injury is a common complication of critical illness and is associated with high morbidity and mortality .Acute kidney injury is a syndrome that is characterized by a rapid dec...
The use of erythropoietin to treat anemia in acute kidney injury (AKI) is controversial. No previous clinical trial has assessed the possible reduction of transfusions when erythropoietin ...
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is often underdiagnosed due to several limitations of the renal marker creatinine. Tubular urinary biomarkers may substantially contribute to diagnose acute kidney injury AKI...
Some researches revealed that mitochondrial dysfunction is associated with various kidney injury. However, the role of mitochondrial dysfunction in the pathogenesis of acute kidney injury (AKI) still ...
Acute kidney injury occurs in 13% of patients undergoing major surgery and is associated with a six-fold increased risk of mortality.Single-center studies have demonstrated an association between intr...
Medications are a relatively common cause of acute kidney injury (AKI), especially in hospitalized patients who are exposed to numerous agents. Drug-related acute tubular/tubulointerstitial injury is ...
Acute kidney injury (AKI) in pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) children may be associated with long-term chronic kidney disease or hypertension.
Abrupt reduction in kidney function defined as an absolute increase in serum CREATININE of more than or equal to 0.3. mg/dl, a percentage increase in serum creatinine of more than or equal to 50%, or a reduction in urine output. Acute kidney injury encompasses the entire spectrum of the syndrome including acute kidney failure; ACUTE KIDNEY TUBULAR NECROSIS; and other less severe conditions.
Acute kidney failure resulting from destruction of EPITHELIAL CELLS of the KIDNEY TUBULES. It is commonly attributed to exposure to toxic agents or renal ISCHEMIA following severe TRAUMA.
A severe irreversible decline in the ability of kidneys to remove wastes, concentrate URINE, and maintain ELECTROLYTE BALANCE; BLOOD PRESSURE; and CALCIUM metabolism. Renal failure, either acute (KIDNEY FAILURE, ACUTE) or chronic (KIDNEY FAILURE, CHRONIC), requires HEMODIALYSIS.
A rare but serious transfusion-related reaction in which fluid builds up in the lungs unrelated to excessively high infusion rate and/or volume (TRANSFUSION-ASSOCIATED CIRCULATORY OVERLOAD). Signs of Transfusion-Related Acute Lung Injury include pulmonary secretions; hypotension; fever; DYSPNEA; TACHYPNEA; TACHYCARDIA; and CYANOSIS.
A complication of kidney diseases characterized by cell death involving KIDNEY PAPILLA in the KIDNEY MEDULLA. Damages to this area may hinder the kidney to concentrate urine resulting in POLYURIA. Sloughed off necrotic tissue may block KIDNEY PELVIS or URETER. Necrosis of multiple renal papillae can lead to KIDNEY FAILURE.
A joint is where two or more bones come together, like the knee, hip, elbow, or shoulder. Joints can be damaged by many types of injuries or diseases, including Arthritis - inflammation of a joint causes pain, stiffness, and swelling with ...
Arthroplasty is a surgical procedure to restore the integrity and function of a joint. A joint can be restored by resurfacing the bones. An artificial joint (called a prosthesis) may also be used. Various types of arthritis may affect the joints. Osteo...
Arthritis Fibromyalgia Gout Lupus Rheumatic Rheumatology is the medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and management of disease involving joints, tendons, muscles, ligaments and associated structures (Oxford Medical Diction...