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Curcumin and Exercise in Chronic Kidney Disease

2019-10-24 12:49:32 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with a pro-oxidative and pro-inflammatory state, and this is thought to contribute to a decrease in vascular function leading to greater cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. Curcumin supplementation has been shown to reduce oxidative stress and improve endothelial function at rest in healthy older humans, although the magnitude of this effect remains unknown during exercise in CKD. The primary aim of this proposal is to determine whether exercising blood flow and vasoconstrictor responsiveness are improved as a result of acute oral supplementation with curcumin in patients with CKD. We hypothesize that: 1) acute curcumin supplementation will increase steady state exercise blood flow, and 2) reduce vasoconstriction induced by an acute sympathetic stimulus (cold pressor test) CKD.

Description

Active muscles require an optimal amount of local blood flow to meet the functional and metabolic demand of the exercising muscle. It is well known that maximal aerobic work capacity and exercise tolerance are reduced in CKD, contributing to functional impairment and loss of independence. A multitude of factors may be responsible for this outcome including reduced blood flow to active muscle beds brought on by greater levels of oxidative stress in CKD. Aging and some individuals with disease (coronary artery disease, hypertension, diabetes) exhibit elevated resting sympathetic nerve activity (SNA), leading to greater vasoconstriction and pressor responses during exercise. However, the magnitude of this effect remains unknown in CKD. Importantly, there are a lack of interventions aimed at improving blood flow and reduce sympathetic mediated vasoconstriction in patients with CKD.

Recent evidence in aging humans suggest that curcumin supplementation improves vascular function by reducing oxidative stress. However, it remains unknown whether acute curcumin supplementation can be regarded as an effective therapeutic strategy aimed at modulating exercise vasodilation and sympathetic mediated vasoconstriction in CKD. Understanding the mechanisms that impair vascular function within exercising muscle is important when understanding implications for systemic blood pressure regulation, cardiovascular disease and functional work capacity in CKD. Therefore, identifying a low cost, non-pharmaceutical intervention and its potential impact on improving vascular function in CKD is a priority in preventative cardiovascular disease medicine.

The present proposal aims to examine the effect of sympathetic vasoconstriction on the differential changes in exercising blood flow in response to acute oral supplementation with curcumin in patients with CKD.

Study Design

Conditions

Chronic Kidney Diseases

Intervention

Curcumin, Placebo

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

University of Iowa

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-24T12:49:32-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Abnormal enlargement or swelling of a KIDNEY due to dilation of the KIDNEY CALICES and the KIDNEY PELVIS. It is often associated with obstruction of the URETER or chronic kidney diseases that prevents normal drainage of urine into the URINARY BLADDER.

The end-stage of CHRONIC RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. It is characterized by the severe irreversible kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA) and the reduction in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE to less than 15 ml per min (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002). These patients generally require HEMODIALYSIS or KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.

Conditions in which the KIDNEYS perform below the normal level for more than three months. Chronic kidney insufficiency is classified by five stages according to the decline in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE and the degree of kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA). The most severe form is the end-stage renal disease (CHRONIC KIDNEY FAILURE). (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002)

Decalcification of bone or abnormal bone development due to chronic KIDNEY DISEASES, in which 1,25-DIHYDROXYVITAMIN D3 synthesis by the kidneys is impaired, leading to reduced negative feedback on PARATHYROID HORMONE. The resulting SECONDARY HYPERPARATHYROIDISM eventually leads to bone disorders.

A complication of kidney diseases characterized by cell death involving KIDNEY PAPILLA in the KIDNEY MEDULLA. Damages to this area may hinder the kidney to concentrate urine resulting in POLYURIA. Sloughed off necrotic tissue may block KIDNEY PELVIS or URETER. Necrosis of multiple renal papillae can lead to KIDNEY FAILURE.

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