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Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are complex and rare cerebral vascular dysplasia. The main purpose of treatment is to avoid the neurological impairment caused by hemorrhagic stroke. The Spetzler-Martin (SM) grading system is widely used to estimate the risk of postoperative complication based on maximum AVM nidus diameter, pattern of venous drainage, and eloquence of location. Generally, grade I and II are amenable to surgical resection alone. Grade III is typically treated via a multimodal approach, including microsurgical resection, embolization, and radiosurgery (SRS). Grade IV and V are generally observed unless ruptured. However, some previous studies indicated that despite the high rate of poor outcomes for high-level unruptured AVMs, the mortality for high-level unruptured AVMs are likely lower than untreated patients. With the development of new embolic materials and new intervention strategies, patients with high-level AVMs may have more opportunities to underwent more aggressive interventions. The OHAVM study aims to clarify the clinical outcomes for patients with SM grade IV and V AVMs after different management strategies.
Follow-up: In our neurosurgical center, follow-up was conducted for all patients at the first 3-6 months and annually after discharge by clinical visit and telephone interview.
Study overview: The population in the OHAVM study will be divided into two parts. Clinical and imaging data of high-level AVM patients from 2012/04 to 2019/09 were retrospectively collected. And the high-level AVM patients from 2019/09 to 2019/12 were prospectively collected. The intervention strategies in our institution for high-level AVMs are of four categories: microsurgical resection, embolization, embolization+radiosurgery, and single-stage hybrid surgery (embolization-resection). Each participants will be followed at least for 5 year since enrollment. Finally, we will clarify the clinical outcomes and prognostic predictors for patients with SM grade IV and V AVMs after different management strategies.
Sample size: About 1000 patients will be enrolled in this study, and half of them were unruptured. The population distribution of different management strategies is expected as follows: conservative:100 cases, microsurgical resection: 300 cases, embolization:250 cases, embolization+radiosurgery: 250 cases, single-stage hybrid surgery: 100 cases.
Study endpoints: The neurological function prognosis, occlusion rate and complications were evaluated at 2 weeks, 1 year, 3 years, 5 years after the treatment and the last follow-up, respectively.
Arteriovenous Malformation of Brain
Capital medical university affiliated Beijing Tiantan hospital
Beijing Tiantan Hospital
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-28T13:56:52-0400
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A vessel that directly interconnects an artery and a vein, and that acts as a shunt to bypass the capillary bed. Not to be confused with surgical anastomosis, nor with arteriovenous fistula.
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