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Long-term Outcomes After Different Management Strategies for High-level Cerebral Arteriovenous Malformation

2019-10-28 13:56:52 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are complex and rare cerebral vascular dysplasia. The main purpose of treatment is to avoid the neurological impairment caused by hemorrhagic stroke. The Spetzler-Martin (SM) grading system is widely used to estimate the risk of postoperative complication based on maximum AVM nidus diameter, pattern of venous drainage, and eloquence of location. Generally, grade I and II are amenable to surgical resection alone. Grade III is typically treated via a multimodal approach, including microsurgical resection, embolization, and radiosurgery (SRS). Grade IV and V are generally observed unless ruptured. However, some previous studies indicated that despite the high rate of poor outcomes for high-level unruptured AVMs, the mortality for high-level unruptured AVMs are likely lower than untreated patients. With the development of new embolic materials and new intervention strategies, patients with high-level AVMs may have more opportunities to underwent more aggressive interventions. The OHAVM study aims to clarify the clinical outcomes for patients with SM grade IV and V AVMs after different management strategies.

Description

Follow-up: In our neurosurgical center, follow-up was conducted for all patients at the first 3-6 months and annually after discharge by clinical visit and telephone interview.

Study overview: The population in the OHAVM study will be divided into two parts. Clinical and imaging data of high-level AVM patients from 2012/04 to 2019/09 were retrospectively collected. And the high-level AVM patients from 2019/09 to 2019/12 were prospectively collected. The intervention strategies in our institution for high-level AVMs are of four categories: microsurgical resection, embolization, embolization+radiosurgery, and single-stage hybrid surgery (embolization-resection). Each participants will be followed at least for 5 year since enrollment. Finally, we will clarify the clinical outcomes and prognostic predictors for patients with SM grade IV and V AVMs after different management strategies.

Sample size: About 1000 patients will be enrolled in this study, and half of them were unruptured. The population distribution of different management strategies is expected as follows: conservative:100 cases, microsurgical resection: 300 cases, embolization:250 cases, embolization+radiosurgery: 250 cases, single-stage hybrid surgery: 100 cases.

Study endpoints: The neurological function prognosis, occlusion rate and complications were evaluated at 2 weeks, 1 year, 3 years, 5 years after the treatment and the last follow-up, respectively.

Study Design

Conditions

Arteriovenous Malformation of Brain

Location

Capital medical university affiliated Beijing Tiantan hospital
Beijing
Beijing
China
101100

Status

Recruiting

Source

Beijing Tiantan Hospital

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-28T13:56:52-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Congenital arteriovenous malformation involving the VEIN OF GALEN, a large deep vein at the base of the brain. The rush of arterial blood directly into the vein of Galen, without passing through the CAPILLARIES, can overwhelm the heart and lead to CONGESTIVE HEART FAILURE.

A spectrum of pathological conditions of impaired blood flow in the brain. They can involve vessels (ARTERIES; or VEINS) in the CEREBRUM, the CEREBELLUM, and the BRAIN STEM. Major categories include INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS; BRAIN ISCHEMIA; CEREBRAL HEMORRHAGE; and others.

A vessel that directly interconnects an artery and a vein, and that acts as a shunt to bypass the capillary bed. Not to be confused with surgical anastomosis, nor with arteriovenous fistula.

An abnormal direct communication between an artery and a vein without passing through the CAPILLARIES. An A-V fistula usually leads to the formation of a dilated sac-like connection, arteriovenous aneurysm. The locations and size of the shunts determine the degree of effects on the cardiovascular functions such as BLOOD PRESSURE and HEART RATE.

Abnormal formation of blood vessels that shunt arterial blood directly into veins without passing through the CAPILLARIES. They usually are crooked, dilated, and with thick vessel walls. A common type is the congenital arteriovenous fistula. The lack of blood flow and oxygen in the capillaries can lead to tissue damage in the affected areas.

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