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Cross Sectional Survey on the Burden, Impacts and Causes of Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) Outbreak in South West Region in Burkina Faso

2019-10-28 13:56:56 | BioPortfolio

Summary

This study investigates hepatitis C virus (HCV) outbreak in South West general population in Burkina Faso with three specific objectives: estimate HCV prevalence in South West Region general population in 2019; identify factors associated with recent HCV infection (in subjects younger than 20 years); and evaluate the pilot treatment strategy implemented by the national program for diagnosed cases during investigation.

Description

A previous ANRS (French National Agency for Research on AIDS and Viral Hepatitis)12270 study supported by Burkina Faso's Minister of Health, used blood samples from the 2010 Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) to document the country's national and regional prevalences and highlighted a localized HCV epidemic in the Southwest Region with a prevalence of 13.2% which was 4 times higher than the national prevalence. This high prevalence of HCV was found in both adults and youth.

Given the particular epidemiological situation of the South-West region and the limits of the 2010 DHS, we aimed to carry out a thorough investigation of this HCV epidemic in the South-West region of Burkina Faso in order to control it.

A mixed methodology (quantitative and qualitative) will be used including: (i) a cross-sectional survey to estimate the prevalence of HCV infection in the South-West population in Burkina Faso; (ii) a case-control study among individuals less than 20 years of age to identify factors associated with current HCV transmission; (iii) a qualitative survey to provide additional information explaining the high prevalence of HCV infection (historical events, for example); (iv) a cohort study to evaluate a pilot treatment management strategy to be implemented by the national program in the South West Region

Study Design

Conditions

Hepatitis C Virus Infection, Past or Present

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

French National Institute for Health and Medical Research-French National Agency for Research on AIDS and Viral Hepatitis (Inser

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-28T13:56:56-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A family of hepatotropic DNA viruses which contains double-stranded DNA genomes and causes hepatitis in humans and animals. There are two genera: AVIHEPADNAVIRUS and ORTHOHEPADNAVIRUS. Hepadnaviruses include HEPATITIS B VIRUS, duck hepatitis B virus (HEPATITIS B VIRUS, DUCK), heron hepatitis B virus, ground squirrel hepatitis virus, and woodchuck hepatitis B virus (HEPATITIS B VIRUS, WOODCHUCK).

INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans caused by HEPATITIS DELTA VIRUS, a defective RNA virus that can only infect HEPATITIS B patients. For its viral coating, hepatitis delta virus requires the HEPATITIS B SURFACE ANTIGENS produced by these patients. Hepatitis D can occur either concomitantly with (coinfection) or subsequent to (superinfection) hepatitis B infection. Similar to hepatitis B, it is primarily transmitted by parenteral exposure, such as transfusion of contaminated blood or blood products, but can also be transmitted via sexual or intimate personal contact.

INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans caused by HEPATITIS C VIRUS, a single-stranded RNA virus. Its incubation period is 30-90 days. Hepatitis C is transmitted primarily by contaminated blood parenterally, and is often associated with transfusion and intravenous drug abuse. However, in a significant number of cases, the source of hepatitis C infection is unknown.

A defective virus, containing particles of RNA nucleoprotein in virion-like form, present in patients with acute hepatitis B and chronic hepatitis. It requires the presence of a hepadnavirus for full replication. This is the lone species in the genus Deltavirus.

A species in the genus HEPATOVIRUS containing one serotype and two strains: HUMAN HEPATITIS A VIRUS and Simian hepatitis A virus causing hepatitis in humans (HEPATITIS A) and primates, respectively.

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