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Smoking is a significant cause of damage to health and quality of life specifically for Veterans with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Smoking cessation interventions for this population are lacking. The primary aim of this project is to explore smoking cessation treatment preferences among Veteran smokers living with HIV. The study team will refine the design and content of a smoking cessation treatment for Veteran smokers living with HIV. The intervention uses mobile health and telehealth technology to personalize smoking cessation counseling and medications and provide relapse prevention text messaging.
Although smoking is a significant cause of damage to health and quality of life specifically for Veterans with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), smoking cessation interventions for this population are lacking. The primary aim of this project is to qualitatively explore smoking cessation treatment preferences among Veteran smokers living with HIV. The study team will refine the design and content of an intervention that uses mobile health and telehealth technology to a)individually personalize smoking cessation counseling and pharmacotherapy, and b) provide relapse prevention messaging support. It is a personalized, tailored, multi-component intervention for smoking cessation specifically designed for Veteran smokers living with HIV.
This project is highly significant given that: 1) smoking is prevalent among and particularly harmful for HIV-positive Veterans; 2) there is a dearth of research on smoking cessation for Veterans with HIV; 3) current approaches to smoking cessation in this population are not effective; 4) as the largest US provider of HIV health services, VHA is an ideal setting; and 5) the proposed intervention follows the VA Blueprint for Excellence, which prioritizes mobile health and treatment personalization to increase reach/efficacy.
Human Immunodeficiency Virus
Bupropion, Varenicline, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Nicotine Replacement Therapy, Relapse Prevention Text Messaging
Durham VA Medical Center, Durham, NC
Not yet recruiting
VA Office of Research and Development
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-28T13:57:12-0400
The objective of this proposal is to elucidate effects of bupropion SR + varenicline on smoking-cessation related processes in early abstinence using a human laboratory model. A within-su...
This proposal seeks to evaluate a pilot smoking cessation treatment program that will combine nicotine replacement therapy with or without bupropion sustained-release (SR) with cognitive b...
This study is being conducted to assess varenicline and bupropion as aids to smoking cessation treatment in subjects with and without an established diagnosis of major psychiatric disorder...
This study is a randomized controlled trial (RCT) to compare the effects of varenicline, cytisine, and nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) to reduce: 1) alcohol use and craving, 2) smoking;...
This is a pilot study designed in an effort to develop and improve access to effective treatments for tobacco use in rural Veterans using a tailored intervention approach. Specifically, we...
Our primary objective was to estimate smoking prevalence and prescribing rates of varenicline and nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) in people with and without general practitioner (GP)-recorded demen...
Behavioral therapies have been developed from Pavlov and Skinner's theories on learning. They have been enriched with knowledge about the processing of information, a process organizing the perception...
Cigarette smoking continues to be one of the most important behavioral causes of morbidity and mortality in the world. Varenicline, an α4β2 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) partial agonist, ...
The current study pilot tested the effect of a single, brief exposure to nicotine education messages on beliefs about nicotine, nicotine-replacement therapy (NRT), E-cigarettes, and cigarettes with re...
Although cognitive behavioral therapy is an effective intervention for chronic pain, it is a lengthy treatment typically applied only in specialty care settings. The aim of this project was to collect...
A direct form of psychotherapy based on the interpretation of situations (cognitive structure of experiences) that determine how an individual feels and behaves. It is based on the premise that cognition, the process of acquiring knowledge and forming beliefs, is a primary determinant of mood and behavior. The therapy uses behavioral and verbal techniques to identify and correct negative thinking that is at the root of the aberrant behavior.
Contextually focused form of cognitive behavioral psychotherapy that uses MINDFULNESS and behavioral activation to increase patients' psychological flexibility in areas such as ability to engage in values-based, positive behaviors while experiencing difficult thoughts, emotions, or sensations.
The use of art as an adjunctive therapy in the treatment of neurological, mental, or behavioral disorders.
Therapy whose primary emphasis is on the physical and social structuring of the environment to promote interpersonal relationships which will be influential in reducing behavioral disturbances of patients.
Preliminary cancer therapy (chemotherapy, radiation therapy, hormone/endocrine therapy, immunotherapy, hyperthermia, etc.) that precedes a necessary second modality of treatment.
AIDS and HIV
AIDS; Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. HIV; Human Immunodeficiency Virus HIV infection causes AIDS. HIV infection also causes the production of anti-HIV antibodies, which forms the test for HIV in patients. People who have the HIV antibodies are ...
Human Immuno Deficiency Virus (HIV)
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), the causative agent of AIDS. The Human Immunodeficiency Virus, more commonly known as HIV, is a member of the lentivirus sub-set of the retrovirus family of pathogens. It causes AIDS, or Acquired Immuno Deficiency Sy...