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The study aims to evaluate the effects of acute hypobaric hypoxia on cognitive performance (H0: cognitive performance at 200 meters above sea level (asl) = cognitive performance at 3000 meters above sea level = cognitive performance at 5000 meters above sea level).
Before participating in the study, each participant will respond to a questionnaire related to high altitude exposure (prior 3 months), as well as inclusion/exclusion criteria evaluation.
On day 0, after the interview and signed informed consent, the participant will undergo a medical examination that will include a general objective examination. Participants will participate in a training on the emergency and safety procedures of the hypobaric hypoxia facility, as well as a refresh on cardiopulmonary resuscitation procedure.
During the following two days (day 1 and 2) the study protocol will be executed (one test per day). The study protocol envisages:
- a basal cognitive test battery
- blind ascent in the hypobaric chamber to simulated altitude
- cognitive test battery
- 5 minutes of recorded chest compressions on dummies
- cognitive test battery
- blind descent in the hypobaric chamber.
During the stay in the hypobaric hypoxic facility, each participant will be monitored in real time with the Equivital© medical monitoring device.
Before and after the stay in the hypobaric hypoxic facility, a saliva sample will be collected, and psychological tests administered.
Altitude exposure in climate chamber
Eurac Research, Institute of Mountain Emergency Medicine
Institute of Mountain Emergency Medicine
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-10-29T14:36:39-0400
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A type of climate characterized by insufficient moisture to support appreciable plant life. It is a climate of extreme aridity, usually of extreme heat, and of negligible rainfall. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation, or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). It may result from natural factors such as changes in the sun's intensity, natural processes within the climate system such as changes in ocean circulation, or human activities.
Dioxygenase enzymes that specifically hydroxylate a PROLINE residue on the HYPOXIA-INDUCIBLE FACTOR 1, ALPHA SUBUNIT. They are OXYGEN-dependent enzymes that play an important role in mediating cellular adaptive responses to HYPOXIA.
A climate characterized by COLD TEMPERATURE for a majority of the time during the year.
A climate which is typical of equatorial and tropical regions, i.e., one with continually high temperatures with considerable precipitation, at least during part of the year. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)