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The purpose of this cross-sectional study is to validate the Spanish version of the Kihon Checklist for screening frailty in Spanish community-dwelling older adults.
In order to identify individuals at risk for frailty, a wide variety of assessment tools have been developed in recent years. Nevertheless, there is still a lack of a gold standard method to be used. Therefore, simple, reliable, and valid instruments are still needed for both research and clinical purposes. The Kihon Checklist is a multidimensional tool widely used in Japan and in other countries, but an exhaustive validity in Spanish population has not been yet established.
The main objective is to validate the Spanish version of the Kihon Checklist for screening frailty in Spanish community-dwelling older adults, and as a secondary objective, to study and to compare different scales of frailty in the Spanish population, and to study their associations.
To cope with the objectives of the present study, a cross-sectional study was conducted. To this purpose, data were collected through various tests and questionnaires about: frailty; clinical, demographic and anthropometric characteristics; physical assessment; functional status; cognitive function; health-related quality of life; depressive mood; and nutritional status.
University of Valencia
University of Valencia
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-11-11T17:50:34-0500
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A study in which observations are made before and after an intervention, both in a group that receives the intervention and in a control group that does not.
A study that uses observations at multiple time points before and after an intervention (the "interruption"), in an attempt to detect whether the intervention has had an effect significantly greater than any underlying trend over time.
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Procedures and programs that facilitate the development or skill acquisition in infants and young children who have disabilities, who are at risk for developing disabilities, or who are gifted. It includes programs that are designed to prevent handicapping conditions in infants and young children and family-centered programs designed to affect the functioning of infants and children with special needs. (From Journal of Early Intervention, Editorial, 1989, vol. 13, no. 1, p. 3; A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, prepared for the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, 1976)
Narrowing of the caliber of the BRONCHI, physiologically or as a result of pharmacological intervention.