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Intranasal Ketamine For Pain Control In Patients With Sickle Cell Disease And Vaso-occlusive Episode (VOE) In The PED

2019-11-07 16:21:36 | BioPortfolio

Summary

This will be a descriptive cohort study of intranasal ketamine as the initial analgesic for children with sickle cell disease who present to the pediatric emergency department with vaso-occlusive crisis and are awaiting intravenous line placement.

Description

This will be a prospective observational cohort involving patients 3 to 25 years of age who present to the Pediatric Emergency Department (PED) at Jacobi Medical Center with vaso-occlusive episode (VOE) in moderate-severe pain (FACES or numeric rating scale ≥5) as determined at triage. Currently, the standard of treatment for VOE at our institution is intravenous (IV) line placement and IV opioid analgesia. The patient will receive intranasal (IN) Ketamine as the first parental analgesic, so as to provide more immediate pain relief while they wait for IV placement and IV analgesia, for opioid pain control, which is currently the standard of care at our institution. The primary objective of this study is to describe the analgesic effect of IN ketamine in treating moderate-to-severe pain due to VOE in the pediatric ED as measured by a pain scale rating at various time intervals following administration. Secondary objectives are to describe the effect of IN ketamine on the need for additional doses of opioid medications, patient satisfaction and disposition.

Study Design

Conditions

Sickle Cell Disease

Intervention

Intranasal ketamine

Location

Jacobi Medical Center
Bronx
New York
United States
10461

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

New York City Health and Hospitals Corporation

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-11-07T16:21:36-0500

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

One of the sickle cell disorders characterized by the presence of both hemoglobin S and hemoglobin C. It is similar to, but less severe than sickle cell anemia.

An abnormal hemoglobin resulting from the substitution of valine for glutamic acid at position 6 of the beta chain of the globin moiety. The heterozygous state results in sickle cell trait, the homozygous in sickle cell anemia.

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A hallucinogen formerly used as a veterinary anesthetic, and briefly as a general anesthetic for humans. Phencyclidine is similar to KETAMINE in structure and in many of its effects. Like ketamine, it can produce a dissociative state. It exerts its pharmacological action through inhibition of NMDA receptors (RECEPTORS, N-METHYL-D-ASPARTATE). As a drug of abuse, it is known as PCP and Angel Dust.

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