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Effect of Metformin on Visual Function in Patients With Glaucoma

2019-11-12 18:25:32 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to determine whether Metformin could prevent the progression of glaucoma in a safe and effective manner.

Description

Primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) is a serious blinding disease characterized by irreversible damage to retinal ganglion cells (RGCs). At present, there is no effective treatment for the rescue of visual function loss caused by POAG.

Metformin is the classic first-line therapy for diabetes. Recently, it has been found that Metformin may have other beneficial effects such as promoting weight loss and reversing age-related neurodegeneration. Importantly, retrospective case-control studies found that there were associations between Metformin treatment and a reduction in the incidence of glaucoma. Specifically, diabetic patients treated by Metformin had a 25% lower risk to develop open-angle glaucoma. In addition, previous animal experiments have preliminarily shown that Metformin can play a neuroprotective role by activating AMPK kinase, regulating methylation levels and promoting ganglion cell survival. Therefore, the investigators hypothesize that Metformin can prevent visual function deterioration via rescuing retinal ganglion cells.

The main objective of this study is to assess the progression of visual field loss in patients with POAG after treatment with Metformin versus placebo. The secondary objectives include the followings: RNFL thickness, vision, cup/disk ratio, safety, and biochemical tests to determine the alteration of AMPK and methylation parameters associated to the use of Metformin.

Approximately 40 study subjects will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio to each treatment group. The treatment group will be assigned to the study intervention (oral Metformin) for 12 months while the placebo group will receive placebo containing fructose and starch for 12 months. Throughout the 12-month study period, progression of visual function and systematic safety examinations will be measured. At 18 months, there will be one additional follow up visit.

Study Design

Conditions

Primary Open Angle Glaucoma

Intervention

Metformin, Placebos

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, Sun Yat-sen University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-11-12T18:25:32-0500

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Congenital open-angle glaucoma that results from dysgenesis of the angle structures accompanied by increased intraocular pressure and enlargement of the eye. Treatment is both medical and surgical.

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Ophthalmology is the branch of medicine that is devoted to the study and treatment of eye diseases. As well as mild visual defects correctable by lenses, ophthalmology is concerned with glaucoma, uveitis and other serious conditions affecting the eye, ...


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