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Recipients With Limited Bimodal Benefit: HA or CROS

2019-11-12 18:25:33 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The rationale is to determine (in individuals with limited perceived bimodal benefit) whether the CROS device may be a better solution for obtaining two-sided input. If yes, this study would be practice-changing.

Description

It is well accepted that bilateral input can significantly improve speech understanding in noise for patients with cochlear implants. For cochlear implant (CI) recipients who have a CI on only one side, two sided input can be provided with simultaneous use of a hearing aid (HA) or a CROS device on the opposite side. The decision about which device to use depends on the level of residual hearing a recipient has in non CI-implanted ear, and more specifically what level of useable residual hearing s/he has. Access to useable low frequency hearing can not only improve speech understanding in noise, it can also improve sound quality, pitch perception and music perception.

Clinicians can reasonably predict that a recipient with hearing thresholds better than 60 dB HL at low frequencies (below 750 Hz) would benefit from amplification. For recipients with no measurable acoustic hearing in the contralateral ear, CROS would be a reasonable option, especially if bilateral implantation is not feasible or desired. However, it is more difficult to predict the appropriate device in individuals who have some measurable acoustic hearing but may be receiving limited benefit from it. This can be especially challenging because audiometric thresholds are not a reliable predictor of bimodal benefit. Additionally, acoustic hearing can provide subjective benefits which could hold different intrinsic value or significance for different individuals depending on their life style and listening needs.

Study Design

Conditions

Cochlear Implant

Intervention

Naida Hearing Aid, Naida Contralateral Routing of Sound Device

Location

The Ottawa Hospital
Ottawa
ON - Ontario
Canada
K1H 8L6

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Ottawa Hospital Research Institute

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-11-12T18:25:33-0500

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PubMed Articles [3956 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Surgical insertion of an electronic hearing device (COCHLEAR IMPLANTS) with electrodes to the COCHLEAR NERVE in the inner ear to create sound sensation in patients with residual nerve fibers.

Electronic hearing devices typically used for patients with normal outer and middle ear function, but defective inner ear function. In the COCHLEA, the hair cells (HAIR CELLS, VESTIBULAR) may be absent or damaged but there are residual nerve fibers. The device electrically stimulates the COCHLEAR NERVE to create sound sensation.

Multi-channel hearing devices typically used for patients who have tumors on the COCHLEAR NERVE and are unable to benefit from COCHLEAR IMPLANTS after tumor surgery that severs the cochlear nerve. The device electrically stimulates the nerves of cochlea nucleus in the BRAIN STEM rather than the inner ear as in cochlear implants.

The cochlear part of the 8th cranial nerve (VESTIBULOCOCHLEAR NERVE). The cochlear nerve fibers originate from neurons of the SPIRAL GANGLION and project peripherally to cochlear hair cells and centrally to the cochlear nuclei (COCHLEAR NUCLEUS) of the BRAIN STEM. They mediate the sense of hearing.

Hearing loss due to disease of the AUDITORY PATHWAYS (in the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM) which originate in the COCHLEAR NUCLEI of the PONS and then ascend bilaterally to the MIDBRAIN, the THALAMUS, and then the AUDITORY CORTEX in the TEMPORAL LOBE. Bilateral lesions of the auditory pathways are usually required to cause central hearing loss. Cortical deafness refers to loss of hearing due to bilateral auditory cortex lesions. Unilateral BRAIN STEM lesions involving the cochlear nuclei may result in unilateral hearing loss.

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Hearing
Hearing, auditory perception, or audition is the ability to perceive sound by detecting vibrations, changes in the pressure of the surrounding medium through time, through an organ such as the ear. Sound may be heard through solid, liquid, or gaseous mat...


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