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Individuals with cirrhosis are likely to develop overt hepatic encephalopathy for which diagnostic modalities and treatment options are limited. The purpose of this study is to determine if individuals with cirrhosis who experience hepatic encephalopathy would benefit from investigational microbiota restoration therapy due to their inherent cognitive alterations. Analysis for a correlation between changes in microbiome composition and specific blood biomarkers could allow for earlier diagnosis of HE which could then be treated earlier and with novel treatments.
The investigators hypothesize that changes in an individual's cognition due to HE-related liver cirrhosis can be stabilized and/or improved through investigational microbiota restoration therapeutic treatment. The main objective of this study is to determine if investigational microbiota restoration therapeutic treatment alters the cognitive function in individuals with cirrhosis who have been previously diagnosed with overt hepatic encephalopathy (HE). Once individuals have one HE episode, they are more likely to experience additional episodes, even after complying with standard of care. The number of HE episodes each study group experiences during the post-treatment follow-up will be compared among treatment groups. It is also anticipated that cognitive improvement will correlate with specific changes in the intestinal microbiota composition of these individuals likely shifting their microbiome away from baseline samples and becoming more like donor samples. Novel blood biomarkers potentially related to episodes of HE will be assessed in individuals before and after treatment.
Not yet recruiting
Ochsner Health System
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-11-12T18:25:33-0500
it is a single blind randomised control study which aims to study the effect of PEG3350 in resolution of overt hepatic encephalopathy in patients of acute on chronic liver failure. this wi...
Hepatic encephalopathy is a serious complication of cirrhosis which relays under the burden of diseases with therapeutical difficulties for its given morbidity and mortality and the high r...
Several studies have been showed that rifaximin can improve cognitive functions, driving simulator performance and health-related quality of life in patients with minimal hepatic encephalo...
Hepatic encephalopathy is caused by the effects on the brain of substances that under normal circumstances are efficiently metabolized in the liver. The hyperammonemia is the main factor r...
The purpose of this study is to determine whether alteration of gut flora with rifaximin can lead to improvement in driving performance, psychometric test performance, and quality of life ...
Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) can cause major morbidity despite standard of care (SOC; rifaximin/lactulose). Fecal microbial transplant (FMT) enemas post-antibiotics are safe but the effect of FMT witho...
Muscle alterations (myosteatosis and sarcopenia) are frequent in cirrhosis and related to some complications included overt hepatic encephalopathy. The aim of our study was to investigate the relation...
There are subclinical neurologic deficits in cirrhotic patients without overt hepatic encephalopathy. We aimed to use F-fluorodeoxyglucose PET/computed tomography to explore the impaired brain glucose...
To synthesize evidence for most effective treatment for minimal hepatic encephalopathy (HE).
Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) in patients with chronic liver disease (CLD) is one of the main causes of reentry to the emergency department. Oxidative stress (OxS) regulated by ammonia leads to cerebral...
A synthetic disaccharide used in the treatment of constipation and hepatic encephalopathy. It has also been used in the diagnosis of gastrointestinal disorders. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p887)
A transmissible spongiform encephalopathy of cattle associated with abnormal prion proteins in the brain. Affected animals develop excitability and salivation followed by ATAXIA. This disorder has been associated with consumption of SCRAPIE infected ruminant derived protein. This condition may be transmitted to humans, where it is referred to as variant or new variant CREUTZFELDT-JAKOB SYNDROME. (Vet Rec 1998 Jul 25;143(41):101-5)
Misunderstanding among individuals, frequently research subjects, of scientific methods such as randomization and placebo controls.
Cholangiocarcinoma arising near or at the confluence of the right and left hepatic ducts (COMMON HEPATIC DUCT). These tumors are generally small, sharply localized, and seldom metastasizing.
A group of metabolic diseases due to deficiency of one of a number of LIVER enzymes in the biosynthetic pathway of HEME. They are characterized by the accumulation and increased excretion of PORPHYRINS or its precursors. Clinical features include neurological symptoms (PORPHYRIA, ACUTE INTERMITTENT), cutaneous lesions due to photosensitivity (PORPHYRIA CUTANEA TARDA), or both (HEREDITARY COPROPORPHYRIA). Hepatic porphyrias can be hereditary or acquired as a result of toxicity to the hepatic tissues.
Hepatology is the study of liver, gallbladder, biliary tree, and pancreas, and diseases associated with them. This includes viral hepatitis, alcohol damage, cirrhosis and cancer. As modern lifestyles change, with alcoholism and cancer becoming more promi...