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N-Acetylcysteine Protection Against Radiation Induced Cellular Damage

2019-11-12 18:25:34 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Catheter ablation procedures (CAPs) are first line treatment for a great variety of cardiac arrhythmias. CAPs require X-Ray imaging; consequently, CAPs cause ionizing radiation (IR) exposure for patients. Exposure to IR, even at low-doses, increases individual risk of developing cancer. IR cause DNA damage directly and, mostly, indirectly by formation of cellular free radicals. Furthermore different response to IR results from inherited variants in genes involved in DNA damage repair. N-acetylcysteine (NAC) is an aminoacid that can directly neutralize free radicals and increase antioxidant systems. Our preliminary data suggest that IR exposure in patients undergoing CAP deranges the oxidative stress status and the pre-procedure intravenous administration of NAC could decrease such abnormality.

Description

CARAPACE is a prospective, randomized, single-blinded, parallel-arm monocenter study. Eligible patients undergoing CAP at the Arrhythmology Unit of Centro Cardiologico Monzino will be enrolled.

The hypothesis driving our study, based on published literature and our preliminary data, is that administration of antioxidant agents, before cardiac procedures involving IR exposure, might prevent IR harmful effects on human tissues in terms of reduction of systemic oxidative stress status and, in parallel, of oxidative DNA damage.

The antioxidant agent tested in our study is NAC. NAC is a well-tolerated and safe medication and it has antioxidant properties is based on three main mechanisms: 1) direct antioxidant effect, 2) glutathione (GSH) precursor action, and 3) its activity in breaking thiolated proteins.

Another hypothesis to be tested is whether genes involved in DNA damage repair could explain the great variability in patient radiosensitivity to IR exposure and whether these genes could affect NAC protective/healing effects.

Study Design

Conditions

Cardiac Arrhythmia

Intervention

Acetyl cysteine

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Centro Cardiologico Monzino

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-11-12T18:25:34-0500

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An enzyme that catalyzes the biosynthesis of cysteine in microorganisms and plants from O-acetyl-L-serine and hydrogen sulfide. This enzyme was formerly listed as EC 4.2.99.8.

Agents used for the treatment or prevention of cardiac arrhythmias. They may affect the polarization-repolarization phase of the action potential, its excitability or refractoriness, or impulse conduction or membrane responsiveness within cardiac fibers. Anti-arrhythmia agents are often classed into four main groups according to their mechanism of action: sodium channel blockade, beta-adrenergic blockade, repolarization prolongation, or calcium channel blockade.

A potentially lethal cardiac arrhythmia that is characterized by uncoordinated extremely rapid firing of electrical impulses (400-600/min) in HEART VENTRICLES. Such asynchronous ventricular quivering or fibrillation prevents any effective cardiac output and results in unconsciousness (SYNCOPE). It is one of the major electrocardiographic patterns seen with CARDIAC ARREST.

Abnormally rapid heartbeat, usually with a HEART RATE above 100 beats per minute for adults. Tachycardia accompanied by disturbance in the cardiac depolarization (cardiac arrhythmia) is called tachyarrhythmia.

A zinc-binding domain defined by the sequence Cysteine-X2-Cysteine-X(9-39)-Cysteine-X(l-3)-His-X(2-3)-Cysteine-X2-Cysteine -X(4-48)-Cysteine-X2-Cysteine, where X is any amino acid. The RING finger motif binds two atoms of zinc, with each zinc atom ligated tetrahedrally by either four cysteines or three cysteines and a histidine. The motif also forms into a unitary structure with a central cross-brace region and is found in many proteins that are involved in protein-protein interactions. The acronym RING stands for Really Interesting New Gene.

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