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Neurobiological Effects of Oxytocin in Schizophrenia - Imaging Study

2019-11-14 17:39:47 | BioPortfolio

Summary

To investigate whether 24IU oxytocin can result in changes in functional brain connectivity in patients with schizophrenia and healthy individuals using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). The study will also examine the effect of oxytocin receptor gene polymorphism on the functional connectivity

Study Design

Conditions

Schizophrenia

Intervention

oxytocin

Location

National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences
Bangalore
Karnataka
India
560029

Status

Completed

Source

National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, India

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-11-14T17:39:47-0500

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Cell surface proteins that bind oxytocin with high affinity and trigger intracellular changes which influence the behavior of cells. Oxytocin receptors in the uterus and the mammary glands mediate the hormone's stimulation of contraction and milk ejection. The presence of oxytocin and oxytocin receptors in neurons of the brain probably reflects an additional role as a neurotransmitter.

A nonapeptide hormone released from the neurohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, POSTERIOR). It differs from VASOPRESSIN by two amino acids at residues 3 and 8. Oxytocin acts on SMOOTH MUSCLE CELLS, such as causing UTERINE CONTRACTIONS and MILK EJECTION.

Carrier proteins for OXYTOCIN and VASOPRESSIN. They are polypeptides of about 10-kDa, synthesized in the HYPOTHALAMUS. Neurophysin I is associated with oxytocin and neurophysin II is associated with vasopressin in their respective precursors and during transportation down the axons to the neurohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, POSTERIOR).

A chronic form of schizophrenia characterized primarily by the presence of persecutory or grandiose delusions, often associated with hallucination.

A type of schizophrenia characterized by abnormality of motor behavior which may involve particular forms of stupor, rigidity, excitement or inappropriate posture.

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Psychiatry is the study of mental disorders and their diagnosis, management and prevention.  Conditions include schizophrenia, severe depression and panic disorders among others. There are pharmaceutical treatments as well as other therapies to help...

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