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Obstructive Sleep Apnoea in Sarcoidosis

2019-11-11 17:49:27 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Sarcoidosis is a multisystemic granulomatous disease of unknown origin. Fatigue is a common problem in sarcoidosis affecting between 50% and 80% of patients, and thus represents a major impairment of their quality of life.

The findings of recent studies suggest a high prevalence of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) in patients with sarcoidosis, estimating a range from 17% to 67%. Pathomechanisms leading to this increased OSA prevalence are still unclear, yet likely to be multifactorial including sarcoid myopathy and neuropathy leading to impaired integrity of the upper airways as well as corticosteroid induced obesity.

While both diseases, Sarcoidosis and OSA, could lead to fatigue and excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) the current managing strategies differ significantly. OSA patients are mostly treated with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) whereas sarcoidosis associated fatigue may require increased immunosuppressive therapy. Little is known about treatment of fatigue and sleepiness in patients suffering from both conditions.This study aims to close this knowledge gap and define prevalence of OSA in a swiss cohort with sarcoidosis patients.

Therefore, we plan a prospective, observational, controlled study to investigate the prevalence of sleepiness, fatigue, life quality and obstructive sleep apnoea in patients with Sarcoidosis.

Patients treated in the University Hospital Zurich due to sarcoidosis will be invited by letter to take part in this study. After confirmed consent and baseline assessments at the University Hospital Zurich, these patients will undergo a single night, in-home sleep study to assess possible OSA.

Sleepiness and fatigue specific questionnaires and in-home respiratory polygraphy (oRP) are obtained in all subjects. To assess inflammation status and other conditions connected to sleepiness like hypothyroidism and anaemia, sarcoidosis patients will undergo blood sampling.

Study Design

Conditions

Sarcoidosis

Intervention

Home sleep apnea testing

Location

University Hospital Zurich
Zürich
Switzerland
8091

Status

Recruiting

Source

University of Zurich

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-11-11T17:49:27-0500

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A condition associated with multiple episodes of sleep apnea which are distinguished from obstructive sleep apnea (SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE) by the complete cessation of efforts to breathe. This disorder is associated with dysfunction of central nervous system centers that regulate respiration. This condition may be idiopathic (primary) or associated with lower brain stem lesions; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (LUNG DISEASES, OBSTRUCTIVE); HEART FAILURE, CONGESTIVE; medication effect; and other conditions. Sleep maintenance is impaired, resulting in daytime hypersomnolence. Primary central sleep apnea is frequently associated with obstructive sleep apnea. When both forms are present the condition is referred to as mixed sleep apnea (see SLEEP APNEA SYNDROMES). (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p395; Neurol Clin 1996;14(3):611-28)

Disorders characterized by multiple cessations of respirations during sleep that induce partial arousals and interfere with the maintenance of sleep. Sleep apnea syndromes are divided into central (see SLEEP APNEA, CENTRAL), obstructive (see SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE), and mixed central-obstructive types.

Dyssomnias (i.e., insomnias or hypersomnias) associated with dysfunction of internal sleep mechanisms or secondary to a sleep-related medical disorder (e.g., sleep apnea, post-traumatic sleep disorders, etc.). (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)

A disorder characterized by recurrent apneas during sleep despite persistent respiratory efforts. It is due to upper airway obstruction. The respiratory pauses may induce HYPERCAPNIA or HYPOXIA. Cardiac arrhythmias and elevation of systemic and pulmonary arterial pressures may occur. Frequent partial arousals occur throughout sleep, resulting in relative SLEEP DEPRIVATION and daytime tiredness. Associated conditions include OBESITY; ACROMEGALY; MYXEDEMA; micrognathia; MYOTONIC DYSTROPHY; adenotonsilar dystrophy; and NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p395)

Periods of sleep manifested by changes in EEG activity and certain behavioral correlates; includes Stage 1: sleep onset, drowsy sleep; Stage 2: light sleep; Stages 3 and 4: delta sleep, light sleep, deep sleep, telencephalic sleep.

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