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Donor-derived cell-free DNA (dd-cfDNA) has shown promise as an early marker for cellular injury caused by rejection. dd-cfDNA changes may also indicate other injuries that lead to progressive decline in transplant organ function associated with, in the case of kidney transplantation, the presence of interstitial fibrosis (IF) and tubular atrophy (TA) seen in biopsy specimens. Here, we will study the utility of dd-cfDNA to predict rejection in pancreas and pancreas-kidney recipients.
+Objective The objective of this prospective observational study is to correlate circulating dd-cfDNA to clinical and sub-clinical acute rejection in pancreas transplant alone (PTA), pancreas after kidney (PAK), and simultaneous pancreas kidney (SPK) allograft recipients. The secondary objective study is to correlate circulating dd-cfDNA to pancreas and kidney function, using Hgb1c, C-peptide and insulin requirement to assess pancreas function, and using serum creatinine and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) to assess kidney function.
The clinical data and specimen collection will also enable future biomarker research.
+Study endpoints Serial dd-cfDNA in individuals over time will be correlated with clinical status and outcomes, such as events of allograft dysfunction or biopsy proven rejection.
The primary endpoints of the study are:
1. Clinical T cell as well as antibody mediated acute rejection
2. Sub-clinical T cell as well as antibody mediated acute rejection
3. Composite of clinical and sub-clinical T cell as well as antibody mediated acute rejection.
The secondary endpoints for the study are:
1. eGFR (estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate [mL/min]): will be derived from serum creatinine level, corrected for variables, using the CKD-RPI (Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration) equation.
2. Renal allograft injury from BKV (Polyomaviridae polyomavirus) nephritis, CNI (calcineurin inhibitor) toxicity, acute pyelonephritis and recurrent disease confirmed by renal histology.
3. Pancreas allograft function derived from hemoglobin A1c, insulin requirement, and serum c-peptide per SOC
4. Pancreas allograft injury from pancreatitis (all causes, including gastrointestinal dysmotility or viral).
5. Correlate cfDNA levels with presence or absence of delayed graft function (DGF) and subsequent outcomes in a subset of enrolled patients.
dd-cfDNA Blood Test
University of Maryland
University of Maryland, Baltimore
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-11-20T20:06:40-0500
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A severe irreversible decline in the ability of kidneys to remove wastes, concentrate URINE, and maintain ELECTROLYTE BALANCE; BLOOD PRESSURE; and CALCIUM metabolism. Renal failure, either acute (KIDNEY FAILURE, ACUTE) or chronic (KIDNEY FAILURE, CHRONIC), requires HEMODIALYSIS.
A complication of kidney diseases characterized by cell death involving KIDNEY PAPILLA in the KIDNEY MEDULLA. Damages to this area may hinder the kidney to concentrate urine resulting in POLYURIA. Sloughed off necrotic tissue may block KIDNEY PELVIS or URETER. Necrosis of multiple renal papillae can lead to KIDNEY FAILURE.
The end-stage of CHRONIC RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. It is characterized by the severe irreversible kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA) and the reduction in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE to less than 15 ml per min (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002). These patients generally require HEMODIALYSIS or KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.
A test to detect non-agglutinating ANTIBODIES against ERYTHROCYTES by use of anti-antibodies (the Coombs' reagent.) The direct test is applied to freshly drawn blood to detect antibody bound to circulating red cells. The indirect test is applied to serum to detect the presence of antibodies that can bind to red blood cells.
Acute kidney failure resulting from destruction of EPITHELIAL CELLS of the KIDNEY TUBULES. It is commonly attributed to exposure to toxic agents or renal ISCHEMIA following severe TRAUMA.
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