Understanding the Long-Term Management of Organic Acidemia Patients With CARBAGLU®: A Mixed Methods Approach

2019-12-02 23:08:30 | BioPortfolio


This is a prospective mixed-design study focused on the long-term management of propionic aciduria (PA) and methylmalonic aciduria (MMA) with N-carbamylglutamate (NCG) maintenance therapy. Treatment characteristics, clinical outcomes, and healthcare utilization data of patients diagnosed PA or MMA treated >6 months therapy with NCG are collected at baseline, 12 months, and 18 months. Qualitative interviews with adult patients and caregivers are conducted >6 months after study enrollment to gain a better understanding of the disease burden and the treatment burden of patients and their families.


Study Design: This is a prospective, longitudinal, observational study of patients diagnosed with organic acidemia that has been on treatment with carglumic acid for a minimum of six months for the long-term management of their disease. This prospective observational study population will include up to 40 diagnosed MMA or PA patients with current carglumic acid treatment experience from 6 European countries: Sweden, the United Kingdom (UK), the Netherlands, Germany, Norway, Italy, Spain and France. The patients (or caregivers) included in this prospective observational study will also be invited to participate in a one-on-one phone interview.

Study Procedures: After Institutional Review Board (IRB)/Independent Ethics Committee (IEC) approval is obtained for the protocol and all supporting protocol documents, clinicians caring for patients with MMA or PA will provide their patients (or caregivers) with the opportunity to participate in the study. Patients (or caregivers) will receive an Information Letter (PIL) (Appendices A and B) inviting them (or their caregiver) to take part in a prospective observational study and in a one-on-one phone interview.

Patients (or caregivers) who are interested in participating in this observational/interview study will review the informed consent form (Appendices C and D) with the clinician and his/her research team. If agreeable, patients (or caregivers) will be asked to sign the consent form and a countersigned copy will be provided to them for their records. Clinicians and their research team at each site will then review patient charts and record demographic and medical history information for each patient. Patient information from medical charts will be collected at the start of the study (baseline), and 12 months and 18 months after baseline. All information derived from medical chart reviews will be recorded through web-based Electronic Data Capture system (EDC).

Patients (or caregivers) who agree to participate in a one-on-one phone interview will provide contact information for their clinicians and the respective research team to include in the Contact Information Form (CIF) (Appendix E). Researchers will then contact patients (or caregivers) directly to schedule a one-hour phone interview. An interview guide (Appendices F and G) including open-ended questions and probes will be used to elicit concepts and orient the discussion during the interview. Patient (or caregiver) interviews will focus on describing the symptoms and impacts of MMA or PA, as well as patient treatment experiences with carglumic acid, their treatment preferences, and their satisfaction with treatment. At the end of the interview, patients (or caregivers) will be asked to complete a Demographic and Health Information Form (DHIF; Appendices H and I). Phone interviews will be audio-recorded with the patient's (or caregiver) permission, transcribed and translated (as needed) in preparation for qualitative analysis.

Data Analysis: The primary prospective data analysis will involve a comparison of the incidence and duration of decompensation episodes pre- and post- initiation of carglumic acid. Additional analysis will include healthcare resource utilization around individual decompensation events, patient/caregiver burden, and patient/caregiver satisfaction with treatment. All prospective data will be undertaken using SAS® software, version 9.4 of the SAS® system for Windows (Cary, NC, USA). All qualitative data from the interviews will be analyzed using ATLAS.ti, a software package uniquely designed to analyze qualitative data. The audio-recorded verbatim transcripts of the interviews will be coded to identify patterns in participants' responses concerning patient experiences with the symptoms and impacts of MMA or PA, treatment experience with carglumic acid, patient treatment preferences, and treatment satisfaction. Findings will be summarized in a final report and may be published or presented by the investigator(s) after the review by, and in consultation and agreement with, the sponsor. If published or presented, the results will be presented in such a way that confidential or proprietary information is not disclosed.

Study Design


Methylmalonic Acidemia


Carglumic Acid


Great Ormand Street Hospital
United Kingdom




Recordati Rare Diseases

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-12-02T23:08:30-0500

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Autosomal recessive metabolic disorder caused by mutations in PROPIONYL-COA CARBOXYLASE genes that result in dysfunction of branch chain amino acids and of the metabolism of certain fatty acids. Neonatal clinical onset is characterized by severe metabolic acidemia accompanied by hyperammonemia, HYPERGLYCEMIA, lethargy, vomiting, HYPOTONIA; and HEPATOMEGALY. Survivors of the neonatal onset propionic acidemia often show developmental retardation, and intolerance to dietary proteins. Late-onset form of the disease shows mild mental and/or developmental retardation, sometimes without metabolic acidemia.

An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of methylmalonyl-CoA to succinyl-CoA by transfer of the carbonyl group. It requires a cobamide coenzyme. A block in this enzymatic conversion leads to the metabolic disease, methylmalonic aciduria. EC

A mitochondrial flavoprotein, this enzyme catalyzes the oxidation of 3-methylbutanoyl-CoA to 3-methylbut-2-enoyl-CoA using FAD as a cofactor. Defects in the enzyme, is associated with isovaleric acidemia (IVA).

A heterogeneous group of inherited metabolic disorders marked by absent or dysfunctional PEROXISOMES. Peroxisomal enzymatic abnormalities may be single or multiple. Biosynthetic peroxisomal pathways are compromised, including the ability to synthesize ether lipids and to oxidize long-chain fatty acid precursors. Diseases in this category include ZELLWEGER SYNDROME; INFANTILE REFSUM DISEASE; rhizomelic chondrodysplasia (CHONDRODYSPLASIA PUNCTATA, RHIZOMELIC); hyperpipecolic acidemia; neonatal adrenoleukodystrophy; and ADRENOLEUKODYSTROPHY (X-linked). Neurologic dysfunction is a prominent feature of most peroxisomal disorders.

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