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Elderly patients presenting with myocardial infarction (MI) are the highest risk population with the worst prognosis. No trial has ever been designed to optimize their outcome through a systematic improvement of their physical performance. Cardiac rehabilitation demonstrated to improve prognosis of patients after MI. However, real-life data shows that older patients are not referred to rehabilitation centers or they have low rate of attendance because of the high number of rehabilitation sessions and of logistic problems. So, data about effectiveness of rehabilitation programs in older MI patients is lacking.
The "Physical Activity Intervention for Elderly Patients with Reduced Physical Performance after acute coronary syndrome (HULK)" pilot study (NCT03021044) enrolled older MI patients and it demonstrated the feasibility and effectiveness of an early, tailored and low-cost physical activity intervention in terms of physical performance assessed by Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) score, that is strongly related to prognosis. Thus, the investigator's hypothesis for the PIpELINe trial is that an early, tailored and low-cost physical activity intervention may improve prognosis of older MI patients compared to health education alone. The primary outcome is a composite of 1-year cardiovascular death and hospital readmission for cardiovascular cause.
The PIpELINe trial will include older MI patients. All patients aged 65 years and older undergoing coronary angiography because of MI must be screened for eligibility. Patient's eligibility must be assessed after percutaneous revascularization of all lesions considered susceptible of treatment. After verifying inclusion and exclusion criteria and after eligibility is confirmed, written informed consent must be obtained prior to randomization. At the time of the discharge (T0) SPPB test will be performed; in case of a score between 4 and 9, the patient will be evaluated 1-month after discharge at the inclusion visit (T1). If SPPB value is confirmed to be between 4 and 9, randomization will be performed. Key baseline patient characteristics (i.e., inclusion/exclusion criteria, demographics, medical history, details of cardiovascular anatomy and of revascularization, ECG and laboratory test results, echocardiographic data during the index hospitalization) will be recorded on the electronic Case Report Forms (eCRF). All angiographic and echocardiographic data will be collected and forwarded to a core lab for further assessment.
Randomization will be performed during the inclusion visit (T1), 30 days after discharge. Randomization will be performed centrally using an internet-based system. The patient identification number (Patient ID) and the treatment allocation will be assigned by the central randomization system. Patients will be randomized to physical activity group or health education group by a 2:1 allocation. Treatment allocation will be assigned according to a computer-generated randomization list stratified by center. Randomization will also be stratified by sex and clinical presentation (ST-segment elevation vs no ST-segment elevation MI). All randomized patients are irrevocably in the study, whether or not they are subsequently found to be eligible, or actually receiving the allocated treatment. Therefore, all patients must be followed until the pre-specified study end date.
The aim of the study is to demonstrate that the proposed exercise intervention reduces the composite endpoint of cardiovascular death and hospital readmissions for cardiovascular cause. The primary endpoint is at 1 year. The follow-up will be extended up to 2 and 3 years.
The protocol includes 3 pre-specified substudies. The possibility to participate in the substudy is left to patient's decision and doesn't preclude the procedures of the main protocol.
- Anxiety and depression: previous studies reported an association between cardiovascular events and a subsequent appearance of mood disorders which could determine a lack in following secondary prevention recommendations. No data is available about these disorders in older adults. In order to assess depression after MI in older patients and the effect of physical activity intervention on mood disorders, this sub-study will be performed.
- Mitochondrial function: in both study groups the mitochondrial functional are investigated starting from blood samples and skin biopsy. Skin biopsy is performed to obtain fibroblasts. In-vitro assessment of the mitochondrial function is done on the fibroblasts of patients. The parameters obtained are related with the effectiveness of physical intervention and with the benefit obtained. A total of at least 30 patients is required.
- Lymphocyte and miRNA activity: taking into account the immunosenescence and the benefits of physical activity on the immune system, this sub-study aims to obtain data regarding T-lymphocyte function in older adults and to assess the effect of physical activity intervention on the function of the different groups of T-lymphocyte. Analyses of physical activity effects on micro ribonucleic acids (miRNAs) are also performed.
Health Education, Exercise Intervention
Not yet recruiting
University Hospital of Ferrara
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-12-07T00:56:56-0500
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MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION in which the anterior wall of the heart is involved. Anterior wall myocardial infarction is often caused by occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery. It can be categorized as anteroseptal or anterolateral wall myocardial infarction.
A myocardial infarction that does not produce elevations in the ST segments of the ELECTROCARDIOGRAM. ST segment elevation of the ECG is often used in determining the treatment protocol (see also ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction).
A clinical syndrome defined by MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA symptoms; persistent elevation in the ST segments of the ELECTROCARDIOGRAM; and release of BIOMARKERS of myocardial NECROSIS (e.g., elevated TROPONIN levels). ST segment elevation in the ECG is often used in determining the treatment protocol (see also NON-ST ELEVATION MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION).
MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION in which the inferior wall of the heart is involved. It is often caused by occlusion of the right coronary artery.
Laceration or tearing of cardiac tissues appearing after MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.
Cardiology is a specialty of internal medicine. Cardiac electrophysiology : Study of the electrical properties and conduction diseases of the heart. Echocardiography : The use of ultrasound to study the mechanical function/physics of the h...